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Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.


Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252


(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.


n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
A new free trade agreement signed Friday between Australia, New Zealand and the 10-member Association of Southeast Asian Nations will completely eliminate all import tariff barriers in the area by 2020.
They will try to persuade MEP's to back efforts to convince the European Commission to scrap plans to reduce beef import tariffs by 70%.
On Thursday, the EU imposed tighter restrictions on Hynix's memory chips to ensure that the import tariffs are paid, according to Bloomberg News.
Like Isola, they are deeply concerned about the elimination of import tariffs on Asian, namely Chinese, textiles to the United States starting in 2005.
Washington so far has resisted demands that it come up with an offer to cut market-distorting farm aid, saying it first wants to see moves by trade partners to reduce agricultural import tariffs.
Brazil and Thailand had objected to a decision by the EU in 2002 to end low import tariffs for raw poultry meat that had been salted to a level of at least 1.
African tea prices were badly hit at the Mombasa tea auction when Pakistani buyers stayed away in protest against the Kenya governments' imposition of import tariffs on Pakistani rice.
In March, despite a 6-0 vote by the International Trade Commission [ITC], the Bush Administration voted against a Section 421 proposal that would impose import tariffs on DIWFs from China.
Within hours of the announcement from President George Bush to drop the import tariffs, first Europe and then, early today, Japan, said they were dropping their threat to impose retaliatory tariffs on American goods.
The company faced tougher competition when, between 1995 and 1997, the government cut import tariffs from 40 per cent to five per cent, under World Trade Organization rules.
Japan said talks would begin in early 2004 with Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines on eliminating import tariffs and other trade barriers agreements that would help the world's second-biggest economy boost exports in Asia.