duty

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duty

Etymology: ME, duete, conduct
(in law) an obligation owed by one party to another. Duty may be established by statute or other legal process, as by contract or oath supported by statute, or it may be voluntarily undertaken. Every person has a duty of care to all other people to prevent causing harm or injury by negligence.

negligence

Medical malpractice The failure or alleged failure on the part of a physician or other health care provider to exercise ordinary, reasonable, usual, or expected care, prudence, or skill–that would usually and customarily be exercised by other reputable physicians treating similar Pts–in performing a legally recognized duty, resulting in forseeable harm, injury or loss to another; negligence may be an act of omission–ie, unintentional, or commission–ie, intentional, characterized by inattention, recklessness, inadvertence, thoughtlessness, or wantonness. See Adverse event, Comparative negligence, Contributory negligence, Gross negligence, Malpractice, Wanton negligence, Willful negligence. Cf Recklessness.
Negligence, required elements  
Duty A recognized relationship between Pt and physician
Breach Failure of a medical practitioner to practice in accordance with standard of care
Proximate cause The plaintiff must show that injury is reasonably connected to physician's action
Damages Plaintiff must show that alleged loss or damage has a quantifiable value such that a monetary payment can be made APLM 1997; 121:252

duty

(doo′tē, dū′)
A social, professional, legal, or ethical expectation that compels a standard of performance; an obligation or requirement.

duty,

n that which is due from a person; that which a person owes to another; an obligation.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the competitive effects of environmental policies continue to be debated, there have been no instances to date of the use of import levies or export rebates to compensate for differing costs of environmental protection.
On the latter, Mr Patten voiced continuing concerns about the lack of common tariffs for key agricultural products, and the failure to harmonise import levies.
The government has been trying to offset the impact of inflation by boosting subsidies, slashing import levies, introducing cost-of-living allowances for state employees.
The provision targets variable import levies and export rebates, basic Community preference mechanisms.
Because of import levies, these companies are at a disadvantage.