immunopathology

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immunopathology

 [im″u-no-pah-thol´o-je]
1. that branch of biomedical science concerned with immune responses to disease, with immunodeficiency diseases, and with diseases caused by immune mechanisms.
2. the structural and functional manifestations associated with immune responses to disease or with diseases caused by immune mechanisms. adj., adj immunopatholog´ic.

im·mu·no·pa·thol·o·gy

(im'yū-nō-pă-thol'ŏ-jē),
The study of diseases or conditions resulting from immune reactions.

immunopathology

/im·mu·no·pa·thol·o·gy/ (-pah-thol´ah-je)
1. the branch of biomedical science concerned with immune reactions associated with disease, whether the reactions be beneficial, without effect, or harmful.
2. the structural and functional manifestations associated with immune responses to disease.immunopatholog´ic

immunopathology

[-pəthol′əjē]
1 the study of disease processes that have an immunological cause.
2 injury induced by antibodies or other products of an immune response.

immunopathology

The study of the role of immunological processes in the production of disease and in its diagnosis and treatment.

immunopathology

1. that branch of biomedical science concerned with immune reactions associated with disease, whether the reactions be beneficial, without effect, or harmful.
2. the structural and functional manifestations of the immune response involved in a disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
Immunopathologic studies of pneumonitis in systemic lupus erythematosus.
This interaction leads to permutations of neutrophil function and could permit immunopathologic changes, severe disease, and opportunistic infections.
Neurologic disorders associated with dengue cases have been referred to as dengue encephalopathy, attributed to immunopathologic responses and not to CNS infection.
Excessive activation of monocytes attributable to stimulation by high levels of Th1 cytokines, such as interferon-[gamma], tumor necrosis factor-[alpha], interleukin (IL)-1 or IL-6, are proposed as possible immunopathologic mechanism of hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (24).
Nevertheless, the immunopathologic changes of cytokines need further investigation because of concurrent bacterial coinfections and the simultaneous use of immunomodulatnry agents in our patients (12,13).
Some researchers have suggested that illnesses that progress to respiratory failure and death may not be caused by uncontrolled viral replication but rather are the result of an immunopathologic process (4).
Some evidence shows that inflammation and subsequent tissue damage in chronic PID are due to an immunopathologic reaction against a chlamydial heat-shock protein (hsp60) (14).
To refocus attention on the research opportunities afforded by this immunopathologic entity, we provide evidence that infants with DHF/DSS are regularly admitted to hospitals in four of the largest dengue-endemic countries.
The possible immunopathologic mechanism of HLH might be excessive production of Th1 cytokines, such as gamma-interferon, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, interleukin-1, or interleukin-6, from activated lymphocytes or monocytes (1,2).
Histopathologic and immunopathologic examinations performed on human autopsy materials helped guide subsequent laboratory and epidemiologic investigations that led to identification of the etiologic agent.
These findings suggest that the disease is most likely secondary to immunopathologic mechanisms (6,15,16).
However, heightened host adaptive immune responses that might be facilitated in bats during flight also can result in harmful immunopathologic changes and disease.