immunocompromised host


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

immunocompromised host

an individual whose immune response is weakened as a result of an immunodeficiency disorder or exposure to immunosuppressive drugs or irradiation.

im·mu·no·com·pro·mised host

(im'yū-nō-kom'prŏ-mīzd hōst)
A person whose immune system's defenses have been weakened by exposure to disease, drugs, or radiotherapy.

host

(host) [L. hospes, stranger, guest, host]
1. The organism from which a parasite obtains its nourishment.
2. In embryology, the larger and more relatively normal of conjoined twins.
3. In transplantation of tissue, the one who receives the graft.

accidental host

A host other than the usual or normal one.

alternate host

Intermediate host (1).

compromised host

A person who lacks resistance to infection due to to a deficiency in any of the host defenses.
See: AIDS; host defense mechanisms; immunocompromised

dead-end host

An infected organism that does not have the ability to transmit infection to the definitive host.
Synonym: incidental host

definitive host

1. The final host or the host in which the parasite reaches sexual maturity. Synonym: final host
2. The vertebrate, when the intermediate host is an invertebrate.

final host

Definitive host (1).

immunocompromised host

See: immunocompromised

incidental host

Dead-end host.

intermediate host

1. The host in which a parasite passes through its larval or asexual stages of development. Synonym: alternate host
2. The invertebrate host, when the final host is a vertebrate.

paratenic host

A parasitized organism in which the parasite thrives but does not undergo development.

host of predilection

The host preferred by a parasite.

reservoir host

A host other than the usual or normal one, in which a parasite is capable of living. The reservoir host is a source of infestation.

transfer host

An interim host that is not essential for the completion of the life cycle of the parasite.
References in periodicals archive ?
A growing body of literature describes severe CMV-related disease in the immunocompromised host.
It should be always kept in mind that previously recognized causative agent of disease in immunocompromised host is now causing disease in immunocompetant host.
All patients were HIV-positive and, with one exception, had CD4 counts <100 cells/[micro]l at the time of measles infection, consistent with SME as an opportunistic infection in an immunocompromised host.
Diagnostic microbiology of the immunocompromised host.
The exceptions are MRSA furunculosis accompanied by fever, expanding cellulitis, other complications, or an immunocompromised host.
Pulmonary mucormycosis is one of fatal opportunistic fungal infection often happened in the immunocompromised host, such as patients with diabetes mellitus, hematological malignancy, or cancer undergoing induction chemotherapy.
This is due to impaired cellular immunity in immunocompromised host ADA secreted by T4 lymphocyte.
Mycobacterium kansasii is an atypical, slow-growing mycobacterium that causes pulmonary infections in the immunocompromised host.
Recurrent contagious ecthyma (Orf) in an immunocompromised host successfully treated with cryotherapy.
Sinusitisin the immunocompromised host Acta Otorhinolaryngol Belg 1997;51 (4):305-13.