Ilex paraguariensis

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Related to Ilex paraguariensis: yerba mate
An evergreen shrub native to South America, which is rich in caffeine, neochlorogenic and chlorogenic acids, and theobromine catechols; maté is a stimulant and tonic; the leaves are used to to make a very hot tea habitually ingested in South America

Ilex paraguariensis,

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HPLC method to assay total saponins in Ilex paraguariensis aqueous extract.
The substrate consisted of subsurface soil, cattle manure and charred rice hulls (2:2:1) was the most efficient for the production of Ilex paraguariensis seedlings regarding the plant growth.
Os maximos valores das classes de diametro observados para os individuos na area amostrada (3,84 ha) corresponderam ao centro de classe de 94,5 cm para Araucaria angustifolia e Blepharocalyx salicifolius e 52 cm para Ilex paraguariensis.
Phenolics: Ilex paraguariensis has a number of active constituents, including purine alkaloids (caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline), caffeyol derivatives (caffeic acid, chlorogenic acid, 3,4-dicaffeoylquinic acid, 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid and 4,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid), and flavonoids (quercetin, rutin and kaempferol).
According to experts, the Argentine variety of Ilex paraguariensis is so prized in Syria that some inferior mate from Paraguay and Brazil is falsely labeled in Arabic to make it seem as though it comes from Argentina.
E importante destacar, que no periodo avaliado de cinco anos, Ilex paraguariensis permaneceu na mesma posicao de importancia na floresta (5o posicao), com taxa de ingresso anual de 1,86% (Tabela 8).
Avaliacao de biomassa, clorofila, cafeina e tanino em Ilex paraguariensis Saint-Hilaire, crescendo sob sombreamento e pleno sol.
The product of yerba mate is obtained from the Ilex paraguariensis branches and has as main quality index for the Brazilian consumers the green color (VALDUGA et al.