In pregnancies with IUGR
as a primary cause of death, INTERGROWTH-21st classified 16.0% more stillbirths as SGA at younger gestations (28-30 weeks) and 9.4% fewer at 38-39 weeks compared with Theron-Thompson (Fig.
We performed a prospective study to compare the placental diffusion difference in 63 patients (gestational week, 28-34 weeks), including 50 IUGR
patients with worsening Doppler US findings (mean gestational week, 30 weeks 3 days [+ or -]16.2 days) and patients with normal Doppler US findings (n=13) (mean gestational week, 29 weeks 4 days[+ or -]12.3 days) by using DWI (b value, 0-1000 s/[mm.sup.2]).
Since foetal growth retardation is difficult to assess, Small for gestational age (SGA) is often used as a proxy for IUGR
. Consequently, fetuses with a birth weight of less than the 10th percentile of those born at the same gestational age or two standard deviation below the population mean, are considered growth restricted.
Anaemia is associated with suboptimal pregnancy outcomes such as low birth weight, IUGR
and preterm birth.
Indications for labor preinduction were as follows: term pregnancies with GDM, oligohydramnios, IUGR
, gestational hypertension/preeclampsia and pregnancies after 41 weeks of pregnancy.
The severity of IUGR
hypotrophic options was determined by underweight body in relation to body length for appropriate gestational age: First degree (mild--weight deficit of 1.5-2 sigma) 23 children (62.2%); Second degree (moderate severity--mass deficit of 2-3 sigma) 14 children (37.84%), Third degree (severe--a deficit of more than 3 sigma)--was not found.
Whereas hypertensive disorders (48%) and IUGR
(20.4%) complicated pregnancies in women who underwent Non-Category-1 CS.15 The most common indications (Table-I) for Category-1 CS in our study were fetal distress (15.7%) and placental abruption (9.1%); while Non-Category-1 CS were performed mainly for non-progress of labor (45.1%).
, Growth performance, Muscle fiber composition, Meat quality, Pig.
Piglets with a birth weight within 1 standard deviation (SD) of the mean birth weight were identified as normal birth weight (NBW), and piglets with a birth weight more than -2 SD below the mean birth weight were defined as IUGR
, as previously described .
Two other cases with similar clinical findings to ours (IUGR
, flattened nasal bridge, low-set ears, ventricular septal defect), where HPE and mosaic trisomy 9 syndrome are found together, exist in the literature.
fetuses have abnormal placental changes, with increased placental vascular resistance and progressive deterioration of the UA flow .
In fact, maternal malnutrition is one of the most impacting conditions to induce intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR
; [10, 11]).