intrauterine device

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Related to IUDs: Mirena, Oral contraceptives

device

 [de-vīs´]
something contrived for a specific purpose; usually a simple mechanical apparatus.
assisting d's (assistive d's) tools and implements that aid a person with a disability in carrying out mobility or activities of daily living.
intrauterine device see intrauterine device.
left ventricular assist device a circulatory support device consisting of a pump connected to an external pneumatic power source and control circuit; it has afferent and efferent conduits attached respectively to the left atrium or ventricle and the ascending aorta. Each conduit contains a porcine valve to ensure unidirectional blood flow and maintain systemic circulation when the heart is unable to do so. The device is used as a bridge to transplantation.
mobility device a device such as a wheelchair, motorized scooter, cart, or stroller that permits the disabled individual to move about and have greater access to the environment.
terminal device the end piece of a prosthesis for the upper limb; it may be a hook or a mechanical or cosmetic hand.

intrauterine

 [in″trah-u´ter-in]
within the uterus.
intrauterine device (IUD) (intrauterine contraceptive device) a mechanical device inserted into the uterine cavity for the purpose of contraception. These devices are made of metal, plastic, or other substances and are manufactured in various sizes and shapes. Their effectiveness is based on their alteration of the endometrium and consequent disruption of implantation; there is generally no effect on the menstrual cycle.

After the IUD has been inserted, the patient is instructed to have yearly follow-up examinations. Contraindications to insertion include recent pelvic infection, suspected pregnancy, cervical stenosis, myoma of the uterus, and abnormal uterine bleeding. IUDs are not recommended for women who have never been pregnant because of the severe pain and bleeding that they produce in the majority of these patients.

The IUD is not 100 per cent effective and its use carries some risks. The device does not prevent ovulation or extrauterine implantation; therefore, ectopic pregnancy must be suspected when irregular bleeding or pelvic pain develops in a patient with an IUD. Four to five per cent of all pregnancies occurring in women with IUDs are likely to be outside the uterus. The increased risk for pelvic inflammatory disease is from three to five times that of women who do not use an IUD. Because pelvic inflammatory disease frequently leads to an inability to conceive as a result of scarring and narrowing of the fallopian tubes, the IUD also increases the chances for infertility. Many experts advise against the use of IUDs in women under 25 years of age and in those who hope to have children later in life.

Other possible adverse effects associated with the use of IUDs include uterine perforation, which is rare, and severely increased menstrual flow. Increased dysmenorrhea and intermenstrual bleeding are common in women who have an IUD in place.
Intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD). From Nichols and Zwelling, 1997.

in·tra·u·ter·ine device (IUD),

a plastic or metal device to be inserted into the uterus to exert a contraceptive effect; can be designed in a variety of shapes (for example, coil, loop, bow, "T").

intrauterine device

n. Abbr. IUD
A usually T-shaped device that is inserted into the uterus to prevent pregnancy, often wrapped in copper or containing a progestin.

in·tra·u·ter·ine de·vice

(IUD) (in'tră-yū'tĕr-in dĕ-vīs')
Pieces of plastic or metal of various shapes (e.g., coil, loop, bow) inserted into the uterus to exert a contraceptive effect.

Intrauterine device (IUD)

Contraceptive device consisting of a piece of bent plastic or metal that is inserted through the vagina into the uterus
References in periodicals archive ?
For states making IUDs quick and convenient, Teal said, that poses a hurdle.
Intraoperatively, the IUD was found to be partly buried in right adnexa and was firmly attached to right tube and ovary.
This was a qualitative study of women who had participated in a study of postpartum IUD insertion one year prior, and their partners.
There are choices when it comes to IUDs. ParaGard and Mirena are most well known.
(3) For women <20 years, the implant is also considered category 1, but IUDs in this age group are classified as category 2 (recommended with the caution that advantages usually outweigh risks) because of concerns about an increased risk of IUD expulsion and the increased prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in adolescents.
We offer every woman the full range of contraceptive options — including the IUD and the implant — and information to help her make an informed decision about which method is best for her.
IUD use dropped sharply nationwide after serious complications linked with a now-defunct brand in the 1970s, but other brands have been redesigned.
For a woman who does not plan to have a child in the next few years, IUDs and implants are highly cost-effective: After the initial cost of the device and its insertion, LARCs require only occasional check-ins and, eventually, removal.
In January Actavis acquired Uteron Pharma S.P.R.L., based in Liege, Belgium, which developed the levonorgestrel IUD product.
Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the Copper T200 IUD, the first-ever New Drug Application sponsored by a nonprofit research organization.
Lisa Callegari, a clinical assistant professor at the University of Washington, said that earlier studies have highlighted some of the mistaken beliefs women have about IUDs, and she and her colleagues wanted to get a better sense of how common they are among average women visiting primary care clinics.
(14) The title of an article by The Outline says it well: "If Men Had to Get IUDS, They'd Get Epidurals and a Hospital Stay." (15) The author goes on to put it into context of pain management for other procedures, stating: