IRB


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IRB

Abbreviation for institutional review board.

IRB

Abbreviation for Institutional Review Board.

board

(bord) [Old English bord, board, table]
1. A long, flat piece of a substance such as wood or firm plastic.
2. A governing or oversight committee, such as one that directs the affairs of a hospital, clinic, company, or other organization.

American Board of Internal Medicine

See: American Board of Internal Medicine

arm board

1. A board placed under and attached to the arm for stabilization during intravenous administration.
2. A device attached to the sides of a wheelchair to permit support or positioning of the arm, esp. for persons with upper-extremity paralysis.

back board

A stiff board on which an individual with a known or suspected spinal or pelvic injury is secured so that the patient's neuraxis is splinted in-line during transport. The device should be used with a head immobilization device and a cervical collar.

balance board

Rocker board.

bed board

A firm board placed beneath a mattress to keep it from sagging. It is used to treat some persons with back difficulties. It is also used in cardiopulmonary resuscitation to improve the effectiveness of chest compressions.

communication board

Any device with letters, pictures, or words that lets patients with impaired physical and verbal ability express themselves.

foot board

A flat piece of material placed at the foot end of a patient's bed. It is angled slightly away from the patient and extends up above the mattress. When used properly it helps to prevent footdrop. The patient should be positioned in bed so that when the legs are fully extended the soles of the feet just touch the padded board.

board of health

A public body, appointed or elected, concerned with administering the laws pert. to the health of the public.

institutional review board

Abbreviation: IRB
A medical oversight committee that governs or regulates medical investigations involving human subjects. The purpose of the board is to protect the rights and health of participants in clinical trials.
See: informed consent

lap board

A tray or platform that is placed over the lap. When such a device is designed to be attached to a wheelchair in order to support the hands and arms or to permit manual activities, it is known as a wheelchair lap board.

long back board

A flat or slightly concave board approx. 6 ft long and 2 ft wide, often made of laminated wood or plastic, that is used to immobilize a patient with a mechanism for a potential neck or back injury. This device is used together with a cervical/head immobilization device or blanket roll and a rigid extrication collar.

message board

An Internet-based forum for posts and discussions about, e.g., a specific disease or condition.

National Athletic Trainers’ Association Board of Certification, Inc.

See: National Athletic Trainers’ Association Board of Certification, Inc.

National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy

See: National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy

National Board for Respiratory Care

See: National Board for Respiratory Care

rocker board

A board with rockers or a partial sphere on the undersurface so that a rocking motion occurs when a person stands on it. It is commonly used in therapy with children having central nervous system deficits to facilitate the development of appropriate equilibrium-related postural reflexes. It is also used in patients/clients of all ages to stimulate lower extremity and trunk proprioception and kinesthetic sense. Synonym: balance board; wobble board

short back board

A flat board, approx. 3 ft long and 2 ft wide, often made of laminated wood or plastic that is used to immobilize a seated patient with a mechanism for a potential neck or back injury. This device is used together with a cervical/head immobilization device or blanket roll and a rigid extrication collar. The short backboard is used to remove a stable injured patient from a vehicle onto a long backboard. Most ambulance services have moved to a more modern vest-style device such as a Kendrich extrication device (KED).

slider board

A flat slab of metal, plastic, or wood used to transfer a patient horizontally from one surface to another, e.g., from a gurney to a hospital bed. Slider boards or patient transfer boards are used to prevent musculoskeletal injuries sustained while mobilizing patients.

sliding board

Transfer board.

spine board

, spineboardBack board.
Enlarge picture
TRANSFER BOARD: Use of a transfer board to move from bed to chair.

transfer board

A device used to bridge the space between a wheelchair and a bed, toilet, or car seat; used to facilitate independent or assisted transfer of the patient from one of these sites to another.
Synonym: sliding board See: illustration

wobble board

Rocker board.

institutional review board

Abbreviation: IRB
A medical oversight committee that governs or regulates medical investigations involving human subjects. The purpose of the board is to protect the rights and health of participants in clinical trials.
See: informed consent
See also: board
References in periodicals archive ?
"This investment symbolises the confidence shown by a global institutional investor in IRB's ability to build quality infrastructure for India," said Chairman and Managing Director Virendra Mhaiskar.
Under this, we agreed that all of our federally funded research involving human subjects would come under the IRB's scrutiny.
Georgia State University's IRB ultimately deemed my research as requiring review based on the "vulnerable" nature of the population I had proposed to "study." Yet, other than a mention that I would be talking with individuals who received special education services between 1975 and 2005, there were no "participants" defined.
Suggestions for reducing the time to obtain IRB approval/denial decisions include encouraging investigators to start working on their IRB applications as early as possible.
department of Health and Human services or designate an already registered IRB operated by another institution, after establishing a written agreement with that institution in accordance with and for the purposes expressed in Title 45 CFR Part 46.
It is the responsibility of the IRB to review non-exempt research proposals prior to the start of any human involvement in the research.
The world's fastest palletiser, the compact four-axis IRB 460, is capable of up to 2,190 cycles per hour, making it ideal for any high-speed end-of-line palletising system.
While the IRB feared that Sue's questions about drug use would spark cravings in recovering addicts, the former addicts themselves knew that friends, family, and familiar places were more likely to spark cravings than a question from a graduate student.
Founded in 1886, IRB organizes the Rugby World Cup every four years, the sport's most recognized and most profitable competition.
But such a move would clearly not have the support of the WRU and now the IRB has confirmed it would not sanction such an event in that situation.
But now the statement from the IRB has confirmed that could be easier said than done.
EATONTOWN, N.J., July 10, 2013 -- American CryoStem Corporation (OTCQB: CRYO) announced that its protocols for the processing of Stromal Vascular Fraction (SVF) and culturing of mesenchymal stem cells from autologous adipose tissue have been approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) of the International Cell Surgical Society (1CSS).