the ability to comprehend or understand. It is basically a combination of reasoning, memory
, imagination, and judgment
; each of these faculties relies upon the others. Intelligence is not an entity within a person but a combination of cognitive skills and knowledge made evident by behaviors that are adaptive.
In speaking of general intelligence, authorities often distinguish between a number of different kinds of basic mental ability. One of these is verbal aptitude, the ability to understand the meaning of words and to use them effectively in writing or speaking. Another is skill with numbers, the ability to add, subtract, multiply, and divide and to use these skills in problems. The capacity to work with spatial relationships, that is, with visualizing how objects take up space, is still another (for example, how two triangles can fit together to make a square). Perception, memory, and reasoning may also be considered different basic abilities.
These abilities are the ones that are usually examined by intelligence tests. There are others, however, that may be as important or more important. Determination and perseverance make intelligence effective and useful. Artistic talent, such as proficiency in art or music, and creativity, the ability to use thought and imagination to produce original ideas, are difficult to measure but are certainly part of intelligence.
intelligence quotient (I.Q.) a numerical expression of intellectual capacity obtained by multiplying the mental age of the subject, ascertained by testing, by 100 and dividing by his or her chronologic age.
intelligence test a set of problems or tasks posed to assess an individual's innate ability to judge, comprehend, and reason.
a number obtained by division.
achievement quotient the achievement age divided by the mental age, indicating progress in learning.
caloric quotient the heat evolved (in calories) divided by the oxygen consumed (in milligrams) in a metabolic process.
intelligence quotient IQ; a numerical expression of intellectual capacity obtained by multiplying the mental age of the subject, ascertained by testing, by 100 and dividing by the chronological age.
respiratory quotient RQ; the ratio of the volume of carbon dioxide given off by the body tissues to the volume of oxygen absorbed by them; usually equal to the corresponding volumes given off and taken up by the lungs. It varies with the fuel source used: for carbohydrates it is 1.0; for lipids 0.7; for proteins 0.8; and with overfeeding (lipogenesis) 1.0–1.3.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
Patient discussion about IQ
Q. I have bipolar disorder and an IQ of about 140. Can this be a cause? I followed recently a link in this site and saw, that some people talking about other ones with bipolar disorder seem to be more intelligent than the average. It was for me the first time, that I read something like that about bipolar disorder. I know only since 3 years this diagnose of mine, but I had already 13 years before my "out-of-control"-crisis. Perhaps you will share with your topic-manager about your IQ or about your job that we can see, if there is possible a correlation.
A. I am now here in this community since 8 days. In one week I will be on the top of the list of the iMedix-contributors. This is perhaps how you can find the genius of someone. Then in a month I will be very alone on this list. And this is the way I live. I am often too fast for you and other persons and so, at the end, you are again alone. This can cause depression. Genius are a small community. I do not pretend to be one, I just want to show you which tendencies exist. Share your experience that we can learn together.More discussions about IQ
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