INO


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INO


Ino

Symbol for inosine.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

INO

Abbreviation for internuclear ophthalmoplegia.

Ino

Abbreviation for inosine.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

ophthalmoplegia

(of-thal?mo-ple'j(e-)a) [ ophthalmo- + -plegia]
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OPHTHALMOPLEGIA
Paralysis of ocular muscles. See: illustration

ophthalmoplegia externa

Paralysis of extraocular muscles.

ophthalmoplegia interna

Paralysis of the iris and ciliary muscle.

internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Abbreviation: INO
Loss of the normal paired movements of the eyes when tracking an object to the left or right. An INO is marked by the failure of one eye, e.g., the left, to cross the midline during an attempt to see an object on the opposite side of the body, e.g., the right.

Etiology

This failure of adduction of the affected eye is caused by a lesion of the medial longitudinal fasciculus of the brain.

Synonym: Roth-Bielschowsky syndrome

nuclear ophthalmoplegia

Paralysis due to a lesion of the nuclei of the ocular motor nerves.

Parinaud ophthalmoplegia

See: Parinaud ophthalmoplegia syndrome

ophthalmoplegia partialis

Incomplete paralysis involving only one or two of the ocular muscles.

ophthalmoplegia progressiva

Ocular muscle paralysis in which all the muscles become involved slowly due to deterioration of the motor nerve nuclei.

ophthalmoplegia totalis

Paralysis that affects both internal and external ocular muscles.

internuclear ophthalmoplegia

Abbreviation: INO
Loss of the normal paired movements of the eyes when tracking an object to the left or right. An INO is marked by the failure of one eye, e.g., the left, to cross the midline during an attempt to see an object on the opposite side of the body, e.g., the right.

Etiology

This failure of adduction of the affected eye is caused by a lesion of the medial longitudinal fasciculus of the brain.

Synonym: Roth-Bielschowsky syndrome
See also: ophthalmoplegia
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
INO should be kept in mind in MG besides ptosis and diplopia and patients with INO should also be checked for MG.
The median peak iNO concentration used was 20 ppm (95% CI 19.8 to 22.2).
Both the left and the right of Haliotis discus hannai Ino shells were incised to square 4mm x 4mm, and 150,600 and 1000 mesh SiC abrasive papers were used respectively as the counterface.
Ikaria and INO Therapeutics will continue their broad range of research and development programs in critical care drugs and drug delivery devices, including:
Inos' knack for designing gardens came from being constantly surrounded by collections of plants since his childhood, as his late father Lorenzo Inos ran a plant supply business.
IL-17A Inhibition Can Cause the Downregulation of iNOS in Astrocytes in the Brain of the Infected Mice.
The synthetic oligonucleotide primer sequences were as follows: P2X7: 5'-TTACGGCACCATCAAGTGGA-3' (sense) and 5'-GCAAAGGGAGGGTGTAGTCG-3' (antisense); iNOS: 5'-TTCAGTATCACAACCTCAGCAAG-3' (sense) and 5'-TGGACCTGCAAGTTAAAATCCC-3' (antisense); IL-1[beta]: 5'-ATGATGGCTTATTACAGTGGCAA-3' (sense) and 5' -GTCGGAGATTCGTAGCTGGA-3' (antisense); tryptase: 5'-TACCGCTATGTCCCCAAGGA-3' (sense) and 5'-GAGGGACACAAGTGGTCAGG-3' (antisense); and [beta]-actin: 5' -ATCGTGCGTGACATTAAGGAGAAG-3' (sense) and 5'-AGGAAGGAAGGCTGGAAGAGTG-3' (antisense).
Small amounts of NO are generated by these two isoforms, whereas the activity of inducible NOS (iNOS) is independent of calcium but is transcriptionally regulated by lipopolysaccharide, inflammatory cytokines, and so on.
The results of in vitro experiment indicated that, IL-2 and iNOS content increased quadratically with increasing addition of arginine (Pless than 0.01), and 80 g/mL arginine supplement group had the highest value.
The isoforms of NOS are subdivided into three basic categories: endothelial NOS, neuronal NOS and inducible NOS (iNOS), all of which are encoded by separate genes and, therefore, differently regulated.
* NOS2 is an inducible, calcium-independent isoform, also called (iNOS).
The expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), cyclooxygenase-2 (COX)-2 and intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and the release of nitric oxide, prostaglandin (PG)E(2) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were determined.