intentional infliction of emotional distress

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intentional infliction of emotional distress

adjective Referring to a civil action against a person who allegedly said or did something so outrageous or insulting to the plaintiff that he or she suffered subsequent emotional damage.

intentional infliction of emotional distress

,

IIED

Deliberate destruction of a person's peace of mind; a common law tort. The conduct must be outrageous and beyond all bounds of decency; ordinary rude or insulting behavior is not enough. In those rare cases in which a health care provider inflicts intentional distress on a patient, he or she may be held liable for damages in a court of law.
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Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit affirms the district court's findings in most respects, such as FSIA jurisdiction; affirms the default judgments; but certifies a question of state law to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals, namely "whether a plaintiff must be present at the scene of a terrorist bombing in order to recover for IIED."
579, 580 (1993) (IIED "substantive standards are ill defined, requiring the trier of fact in each case to render an ad hoc judgment about the outrageousness of the particular defendant's particular conduct.").
International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) e International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).
One problem that could emerge in trying to use IIED in place of alienation of affection or criminal conversation is that a judge or jury may find "adultery does not evidence the extreme and outrageous conduct" required by IIED claims.
IIED Director Andrew Norton said the least-developed countries currently get less than a third of all international climate funding provided by wealthy governments.
(91) Recovery by the plaintiff requires that the defendant's act created an oppressive circumstance that goes beyond the "common and unavoidable situations in which a person faces extreme stress[,]" and the environment must be stressful enough to be "unbearable even for persons of ordinary fortitude." (92) IIED cases often involve a power imbalance between the tortfeasor and victim-- an imbalance that the tortfeasor knowingly exploits (93)--and the Restatement specifically references the abuse of a position of authority as a factor that could constitute outrageous conduct.
iied.org/climate-change/key-issues/climatenegotiations-capacity-building/iied-inter-views-martin-parry-climate-change.
Adaptation strategies for health have been submitted by World Bank, UNFCCC and IIED by improving infrastructure, evaluation studies, preventative measures and regulatory bodies.
Although the majority of the Court denied any IIED liability, the
infliction of emotional distress (IIED) tort and the expanded protection