In 2001, WHO (2001; AIHW 2002) endorsed the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to replace the ICIDH
Masala and Petretto, (2008, 1235-7) pointed out that the British sociologists were influential in formulating the definitions and that they reflect British ideas during the construction years of disability ideas in the ICIDH
framework provides a viable basis for the comprehensive description of health status in a population.
does not include personal and environmental factors
The construct of 'participation' was introduced during the revision process of the ICIDH
Although only minor differences exist between popular ADL measurement scales such as the Barthel Index, Donaldson scale, Kenny Self-care Evaluation, and Katz Index, these tests do not correspond very well with the disability codes of the ICIDH
concept [130, pages 69-71].
One such effort is the 1999 revision of the ICIDH
, which will emphasize measures of disability and handicap among children (7) and assist in standardizing collection of information about disabilities among children.
On the application of the ICIDH
and ICF in developing countries: evidence from the United Nations Disabilities Statistics Database (DISTAT).
has now been superseded by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), which was endorsed by the World Health Assembly in May 2001.
Within the two decades of its use, the ICIDH
has been translated into 13 languages and utilized for a number of purposes: (a) as a statistical tool for disability data collection, (b) as a research tool to measure health service outcomes and quality of life, (c) as a clinical tool for needs identification and treatment planning, and (d) and as a social policy tool to aid in social welfare planning and human rights advocacy (Bickenbach, Chatterji, Badley, Ustun, 1999; World Health Organization, 2002).
To meet this need, WHO (1980) issued a tool for the classification of the consequences of disease, namely the ICIDH
Definitions used for surveillance and assessment of disability are more clearly understood by linking them to a conceptual framework of consequences of disease and injury, such as the ICIDH