Bubble continuous positive airway pressure for children with severe pneumonia and hypoxaemia
in Bangladesh: An open, randomised controlled trial.
Flap success is affected by many conditions related to anaesthesiologists, such as identifying the patients with comorbidities and having their operation in clinically optimized conditions, maintaining haemodynamic stability by avoiding sudden hypotension and hypertension in the intraoperative period, ensuring blood glucose regulation, and protecting the patient from hypothermia and hypoxaemia
. The most important factors in terms of success are surgical experience and techniques.
in children with severe pneumonia in Papua New Guinea.
This study showed that arterial hyperoxaemia was independently associated with increased in-hospital mortality compared with either hypoxaemia
or normoxaemia and that there was a dose-dependent association between supra-normal oxygen levels and the risk of in-hospital mortality23.
The aetiopathogenesis of cor pulmonale in COPD patients is complex and includes several mechanism such as hypoxaemia
, polycythaemia, inflammation and endothelial dysfunction that promote pulmonary hypertension (15).
Calculation for the presence of hypoxaemia
or decreased lung compliance was rarely done.
If the patient initially was only eligible for portable oxygen therapy then they may be reviewed in the clinic at three, six or twelve months for assessment for an oxygen concentrator depending on the degree of chronic hypoxaemia
Gas exchange is impaired as airflow obstruction and alveolar destruction worsen, leading to various degrees of hypoxaemia
was chosen as the index adverse event for this study, as it is a major adverse event with potential profound multisystem effects for the critically ill patient.
Clinical signs of hypercapnia and hypoxaemia
are simple to detect by an observant nurse.
A number of studies have now confirmed the association of COPD and peripheral neuropathy with hypoxaemia
being a dominant etiopathogenic factor among others.
The included children comprised those with hypoxaemia
, severe respiratory distress (respiration rate > 70 breaths/minute) and children with associated illnesses, such as ventricular septal defect (VSD), underlying pulmonary tuberculosis, heart failure, etc.