hypokalaemia


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Related to hypokalaemia: hyperkalemia

hy·po·ka·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-kă-lē'mē-ă)
The presence of an abnormally small concentration of potassium ions in the circulating blood; occurs in familial periodic paralysis and in potassium depletion due to excessive loss from the gastrointestinal tract or kidneys. The changes of hypokalemia may include vacuolation of renal tubular epithelial cytoplasm with impairment of urinary concentrating power and acidification, flattening of the T wave of the electrocardiogram, and muscle weakness.
Synonym(s): hypopotassemia, hypokalaemia.
[hypo- + G. kalion, L. kalium, potassium, + G. haima, blood]

hypokalaemia

Abnormally low levels of potassium in the blood. This is usually due to excessive loss in the urine or from the bowel. Hypokalaemia causes muscle weakness, paralysis, heart irregularities, mental confusion and disorientation, and cardiac arrest.

hy·po·ka·le·mi·a

(hī'pō-kă-lē'mē-ă)
Presence of an abnormally low concentration of potassium ions in the circulating blood.
Synonym(s): hypokalaemia.
[hypo- + G. kalion, L. kalium, potassium, + G. haima, blood]
References in periodicals archive ?
(15) Symptoms are similar to hypokalaemia, but accompanied by hypoventilation.
The combination of alkalosis hypokalaemia and hypertension suggests increased mineralocorticoid activity leading to increased renal tubular Na+ reabsorption along with increased k+ and H+ excretion.
Macgibbon reports a mortality of a pregnant patient who had respiratory failure second to HG, hypokalaemia, and Wernicke's encephalopathy [8].
The activation of [Na.sup.+]-[K.sup.+] ATPase leads to a shift of potassium ions intracellularly, resulting in hypokalaemia and hyperpolarisation of muscle cell membranes [1].
As patient was suffering from hypokalaemia, intravenous potassium replacement is given with saline infusion through the peripheral line.
Toluene induced hypokalaemia: Case report and literature review.
Furosemide 81 Hyponatraemia (39), Hypokalaemia (18) 9.
Excessive intake of liquorice can cause hypokalaemia and hypertension and generally, the onset and severity of symptoms depend on the dose and duration of liquorice intake, as well as individual susceptibility.
The most severe consequences are hypokalaemia, hypocalcaemia, metabolic acidosis, malabsorption, weight-loss, albuminuria, and haematuria, as mentioned by WHO (1999), EMA (2006-2008), French Drugs Agency (Agence Nationale de Securite des Medicaments) (ANSM, 1997) and ESCOP (2003).
From this study, a model-based clinical indication was inferred: [Ca.sup.2+] content in the dialysis bath should be designed in order to prevent a critical reduction of serum [Ca.sup.2+], especially in HD sessions with a risk of end-HD hypokalaemia.
Other side effects include [12] headache, transient visual loss, tachycardia, cardiac arrest, hypokalaemia, acute kidney, muscle weakness, myopathy, myoglobinuria, rhabdomyolysis, and increased body weight.