Management of Hypoderma
Infestation in a Chinkara (Gazella Bennettii).
Additionally, molecular studies on partial cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (cox1) of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), frequently used as a DNA barcode, allowed distinguishing five common Hypoderma species (i.e., H.
The similarities among the primary nucleotide sequences for each Hypoderma species and that of H.
In an experimental infestation technique, cross- transmissional study of Hypoderma lineatum from cattle to domestic goats was conducted in which the appearance of antibodies on ELISA suggested that some larvae survived enough to initiate a humoral immune response (Colwell et al., 2006).
These observations are also in agreement with the study conducted on antigen capture ELISA for the detection of hypoderma antigen (hypodermin C) in which the levels of antigen fell quickly following arrival of grubs at the back and completion of the molt to second instar (Panadero et al., 2002).
Only one species of Hypoderma (Hypoderma bovis) was recorded from this area and this has also been reported from other areas of Pakistan in bovines (Mazhar and Anwar 2002; Ahmad et al.
It has very difficult to explain exactly the frequent occurrence of hypoderma bovis in calves but it could be assumed that the less developed immune system of the calves may be responsible for the higher prevalence of hypoderma (Ahmad et al.
Species identification of Hypoderma
affecting domestic and wild ruminants by morphological and molecular characterization.
Two specimens, one female of Hypoderma
tarandi and one female of Cephenemyia trompe, were captured near a caribou group under severe harassment on 19 July.
Key words: Hypoderma
, epidemiological factors, Potowar Region, hypodermosis, Warble fly.
The timing and departure rate of larvae of the warble fly Hypoderma
(=Oedemagena) tarandi (L.) and the nose bot fly Cephenemyia trompe (Modeer) (Diptera: Oestridae) from reindeer.
The pathophysiology of human ophthalmomyiasis by Hypoderma