Despite their nasty ways toward parasites, hyperparasites
can be downright sociable with one another, he adds.
bambawalei may be adversely affected by high population of the hyperparasite
Promuscidea unfasciativentris (Arif et al.
Cell structure of shellfish pathogens and hyperparasites
in the genera Minchinia, Urosporidium, Haplosporidium, and Marteilia--taxonomic implications.
must be eliminated from the cultures kept by Ertle before they are sent to St.
The species of Trichoderma harziamun Rifai act as competitive hyperparasites
producing anti fungal metabolites and hydrolytic enzymes to which are attributed structural changes at the cellular level, such as vacuolation, granulation, disintegration of cytoplasm and cellular lysis, found in organisms wich it interacts.
The parasitized aphids were collected together with plant materials and transferred to laboratory, maintained subsequently, until emergence of parasitoids and hyperparasites
It uses heat and pressure to sterilize material to be scrapped, like "plant parts that come in with a shipment, packing material, hyperparasites
, dead hosts--anything that must be disposed of," says Ertle.
haemon respectively) are also hyperparasites
that will attack the other members of the parasitoid guild as well as developing A.
Diadegma armilatum was attacked by the hyperparasites
, Pteromalus sp.