hydrolysis

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Related to Hydrolization: hydrolysis

hydrolysis

 [hi-drol´ĭsis] (pl. hydrol´yses)
the cleavage of a compound by the addition of water, the hydroxyl group being incorporated in one fragment and the hydrogen atom in the other. adj., adj hydrolyt´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drol'i-sis),
A chemical process whereby a compound is cleaved into two or more simpler compounds with the uptake of the H and OH parts of a water molecule on either side of the chemical bond cleaved; hydrolysis is effected by the action of acids, alkalies, or enzymes. Compare: hydration.
Synonym(s): hydrolytic cleavage
[hydro- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drol'i-sis)
A chemical process whereby a compound is cleaved into two or more simpler compounds with the uptake of the H and OH parts of a water molecule on either side of the chemical bond cleaved; hydrolysis is effected by the action of acids, alkalies, or enzymes.
Compare: hydration
[hydro- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

hydrolysis

Splitting of a compound into two parts by the addition of water (H2O), the hydrogen atom (H) joining to one part and the hydroxyl group (OH) joining to the other. Hydrolysis is usually effected by a hydrolytic ENZYME.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

hydrolysis

a chemical reaction in which large molecules are broken down by the addition of water. For example, fat to fatty acids and glycerol, MALTOSE to glucose, DIPEPTIDE to two amino acids. The reactions are usually enzymically activated. Compare CONDENSATION REACTION.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

hy·drol·y·sis

(hī-drol'i-sis)
1. Process by which water slowly penetrates suture filaments and breaks down the suture's polymer chain; hydroxylation produces less tissue reaction.
2. Chemical process in which compound is cloven into two or more simpler compounds; effected by action of acids, alkalis, or enzymes.
[hydro- + G. lysis, dissolution]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The XRD of PFCA membrane before and after hydrolization are similar to those of PFSA (Fig.
It can be seen from Table 1 that the crystallinity increases at higher weight fraction of the blend membranes, suggesting that the crystallization capacity of PFSA and PFCA is equivalent to their unblended state even after hydrolization.
Another way to facilitate better hydrolization and decrease cure times is to incorporate acrylic polymers into the cement formulation.
If the new biotechnology's 20% yield increase were confined to hydrolization of cellulose and other non-coffee flavor constituents, there would be a substantial dilution of coffee flavor.
Poly(vinyl)alcohol (PVA) with 98% hydrolization degree and molecular weight of 1,45,000 was purchased from Merck.
On the other hand, hydrolization of adipose is done mainly by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) that has a critical role in the control of energy homeostasis and catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the breakdown of adipocyte triglyceride (Belfrage et al., 1984).
High level [[Ca.sup.2+]][.sub.i] interferes severely with the mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation, down-regulates production of adenosine triphosphate, and even leads to mitochondrium disorganization, activating phospholipase and encouraging membrane phospholipid hydrolization. This in turn causes cause cellular membrane and cellular organ damage, activating proteinase free radical multiplication, or expression of gene, induce to apoptosis or death.