With the Jahai and English-speakers living in very different environments and speaking unrelated languages, Majid and co-author Nicole Kruspe, from Lund University in Sweden, turned to two groups in the Malay Peninsula who speak a closely-related language: the Semaq Beri hunter-gatherer
community and the Semelai horticultural community that grows rice and other plants.
Researchers focused on an ancient Natufian hunter-gatherer
site in the Jordan Valley of Israel, where excavations have shown a wildly swinging ratio of house mice to wild mice during different prehistoric periods.
The site has been inhabited for 6,000 years, first by hunter-gatherers
and later by the Khoikhoi (Khoi, spelled Khoekhoe in standardized Khoekhoe/Nama orthography) and used as a place of worship and a site to conduct rituals.
Pontus Skoglund of Uppsala University in Sweden and his colleagues sequenced the DNA from 11 early hunter-gatherers
and farmers dating back to between 5000 and 7000 years ago.
were prone to the harshest forms of racial stereotyping because their lifestyle placed them at the polar opposite of European settler societies' perception of themselves as "civilised" and part of humanity's highest incarnation.
In the course of his survey, Heath looks at the oldest art in Wales, hunter-gatherers
in Pembrokeshire and Mesolithic sites in North Wales, with illustrations enriching every chapter.
It's probably too late to turn back the clock, and I'm not suggesting we all revert to hunter-gatherer
lifestyles, but we should be looking to find alternatives to industrial agriculture to protect us against changes such as those already happening to the world's climate.
For example, hunter-gatherers
covered about 6-16 km per day, with daily energy expenditure for physical activity of 800-1 200 kcal--this is 3-5 times more than that of the average modern-day American.
Beyond the Green Myth: Borneo's Hunter-gatherers
in the Twenty-first Century.
However, when they enter more industrialized societies, these hunter-gatherers
do begin to fall prey to depression, a state that is reversed when they return to their original homes and resume their previous lifestyle.
Kirk Endicott, an expert on hunter-gatherers
in Peninsula Malaysia, contextualizes some of the romantic myths associated with nomadic huntergatherers: the idealized notions that they are non-violent, born conservationists and reluctant to settle down.
Secondly, as I have just mentioned, traditional hunter-gatherers
do not suffer from these 'Western diseases' and, thirdly, diabetes is a disease resulting from the over-consumption of sugar, not animal fat.