Hunt syndrome


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Hunt syn·drome

(hŭnt),
1. an intention tremor beginning in one extremity, gradually increasing in intensity, and subsequently involving other parts of the body; Synonym(s): ataxia with myoclonus, progressive cerebellar tremor
2. facial paralysis, otalgia, and herpes zoster resulting from viral infection of the seventh cranial nerve and geniculate ganglion;
3. a form of juvenile paralysis agitans associated with primary atrophy of the pallidal system. Synonym(s): paleostriatal syndrome, pallidal syndrome
Synonym(s): Ramsay Hunt syndrome (1)

Hunt syndrome

Ramsay Hunt syndrome, see there.

Hunt syn·drome

(hŭnt sin'drōm)
1. An intention tremor beginning in one limb, gradually increasing in intensity, and subsequently involving other parts of the body.
2. Facial paralysis, otalgia, and herpes zoster resulting from viral infection of the seventh cranial nerve and geniculate ganglion.
3. A form of juvenile paralysis agitans associated with primary atrophy of the pallidal system.
Synonym(s): Ramsay Hunt syndrome (1) .

Hunt,

James Ramsay, U.S. neurologist, 1872-1937.
Hunt atrophy - obsolete term for atrophy of the small muscles of the hand, without sensory disturbances.
Hunt neuralgia - a severe paroxysmal lancinating pain deep in the ear. Synonym(s): geniculate neuralgia
Hunt paradoxical phenomenon - in torsion dystonia, extension of the foot in response to passive flexion and flexion in response to attempted passive extension.
Hunt syndrome - (1) an intention tremor beginning in one extremity and subsequently involving other parts of the body. Synonym(s): progressive cerebellar tremor; - (2) facial paralysis, otalgia, and herpes zoster resulting from viral infection of the seventh cranial nerve and geniculate ganglion. Synonym(s): herpes zoster oticus; - (3) a form of juvenile paralysis agitans associated with primary atrophy of the pallidal system. Synonym(s): paleostriatal syndrome; pallidal syndrome; Ramsay Hunt syndrome
Ramsay Hunt syndrome - Synonym(s): Hunt syndrome

Hunt syn·drome

(hŭnt sin'drōm)
1. Intention tremor beginning in one extremity, gradually increasing in intensity, and subsequently involving other parts of the body.
2. Facial paralysis, otalgia, and herpes zoster due to viral infection of the seventh cranial nerve and geniculate ganglion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Middle ear mucosa in Ramsay Hunt syndrome. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol.
Because the symptoms of Ramsay Hunt syndrome suggest a possible infection, the differential diagnosis should include herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), group A Streptococcus (GAS), and measles.
It was reported that Ramsey Hunt syndrome and aseptic meningitis may occur in association (15).
Brain MRI has often demonstrated segmental enhancement of the VIIth and VIIIth cranial nerves, geniculate ganglion, and membranous labyrinth, (3) but petrosal inflammation has only been reported once in Ramsay Hunt syndrome. (4) It is not clear how common petrosal involvement in this syndrome is because imaging studies are not routinely performed in these patients.
Between August 2011 and July 2015 (4 years), 53 patients with severe peripheral facial palsy diagnosed with Bell's palsy or Ramsay Hunt syndrome were treated by auditory ossicles preserved facial nerve decompression surgery at the Department of Otolaryngology of Tokyo Women's Medical University.
To the Editor: We would like to present Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) as a complication of H7N9 influenza virus infection.
One case of facial nerve involvement with Ramsay hunt syndrome was present.
A differential diagnosis of right side orbital cellulitis/Tolosa hunt syndrome was made and Patient was admitted at our hospital and routine investigations were ordered along with CT imaging of brain and orbit.
INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster oticus also known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) is a rare complication of herpes zoster in which reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus infection in the geniculate ganglion causes otalgia, auricular vesicles and peripheral facial paralysis.