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Related to Humulus lupulus: Passiflora incarnata
A perennial vine that contains amino acids, flavonoids, glycosides (astralagin, quercitrin, rutin) and various other compounds, such as citral, geraniol, humulone, linionine, lupulone, serolidol and bitter resin. Hops are anti-bacterial (due to humulone and lupulone), mildly sedative, and have been used for insomnia, to relax smooth muscle and, in combination with other herbs, to treat irritable bowel syndrome.
n See hops.