parainfluenza

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parainfluenza

(păr′ə-ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zə)
n.
Any of several genera of paramyxoviruses that are similar to the viruses that cause influenza and are associated with various respiratory infections, especially in children.

parainfluenza

Infectious disease A virus that causes URIs–up to 50% of croup and 10–15% of bronchiolitis, bronchitis, pneumonias in toddlers Clinical Rhinorrhea, cold-like Sx Risk factors Preschool children; by school age most children have been exposed to parainfluenza virus; most adults have antibodies against parainfluenza. Cf Influenza.

parainfluenza

An infection with a parainfluenza virus. This is usually no more than a common cold, but sometimes parainfluenza viruses cause serious illnesses featuring CROUP and PNEUMONIA.
References in periodicals archive ?
influenza B virus (16), influenza C virus ( 17), and A(HlNl)pdm09 virus (18)', human adenovirus (Id)', human bocavirus (20), human cytomegalovirus (21)', human coronaviruses (HCoVs); human enterovirus (22)', human metapneumovirus (20); human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs); human parcchovirus (24)', human respiratory syncytial virus (2.5)', and human rhinovirus (HRV) (26) by using real-time reverse transcription PCRs.
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIV) are genetically and antigenically divided into types 1 to 4 [1].
This family of viruses includes measles, mumps, human parainfluenza viruses, and respiratory syncytial virus in addition to the recently identified henipaviruses and metapneumovirus.
Human parainfluenza viruses (HPIVs) (family Paramyxoviridae) are major causes of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and elderly persons.

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