human genome


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human genome

The entire gene map of all the chromosomes that contains all the information needed to make a human being. The genome contains about 6000 million chemical bases forming about 30,000 genes. The completion of the sequencing of these bases, along the length of each chromosome, in the massive research programme known as the human genome project, was formally announced on 14 April 2003, but well before that date the information obtained had already had a major impact on medicine. As an index of the speed of progress in genomic medicine, this announcements was made only a few days prior to the 50th anniversary of the publication of the structure of DNA by Watson and Crick.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aida Al-Aqeel, senior medical genetics adviser at Prince Sultan Military Medical City, briefed the attendees on the Saudi Human Genome Project and personal medicine.
The scientists involved hope that building a human genome could provide geneticists with a better understanding of how humans are wired, and potentially assist in treating disease and ultimately saving lives.
The use of the PacBio RS II Sequencing System, which enabled the team to accurately sequence and assemble these complex stretches of the human genome, was critical to the researchers' discoveries.
Human Genome's board spurned the approach from Britain's biggest drugmaker last month, saying it did not reflect the company's inherent value.
At present, it is estimated that the human genome encodes for [?]30,000 genes.
In April 2010, Human Genome said Novartis withdrew its Marketing Authorization Application for Joulferon from the European Medicines Agency.
Human Genome, which is developing the drug in partnership with Swiss drugmaker Novartis AG, said it expects results of ACHIEVE 1 in March 2009.
Genome scientists recently have completed the first phase of a massive collaborative project, supported by the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) of the National Institutes of Health, called ENCODE (Encyclopedia of DNA Elements).
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) led the National Institutes of Health's (NIH) contribution to the International Human Genome Project, whose primary goal was the sequencing of the human genome.
Among them: Georgia Dunston, founding director of the National Human Genome Center at Howard University; Bruce Jackson, founder of the African-American DNA Roots Project; and Charles Crutchfield, a clinical dermatologist who used genetic research to develop a treatment for psoriasis.
Collins, director of the National Human Genome Research Institute.
Lerman, a MacArthur Fellow known for her far-reaching community and age blind choreographic work, sought out dozens of scientists to explore the extraordinary possibilities and dilemmas arising from the recent groundbreaking map of the human genome. "Dance," Lerman insists, "can be something to make more people think." Feb.

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