human cloning

(redirected from Human clone)
The at-present hypothetical, but ethically charged production of a de novo human from the DNA of one person without the genetic contribution from a second human. It should be noted that identical twins are a natural example of cloning that doesn’t engender the polarising polemic of unnatural cloning, the latter of which many view as playing God. The implications and ethical dilemmas that might result from having a ‘copy’ of a particular individual are considerable, which prompted Congress (the Ehlers bill) and the Senate (the Bond-Frist bill) to create legislation that would prevent same; some scientists have noted the potential usefulness of human cloning, in particular, for growing tissues—e.g., stem cells, pancreatic tissue, epithelial cells, et al—to treat diabetes, leukemia, burns, etc. Human cloning could also potentially allow donor tissues from a person’s own DNA, obviating tissue incompatibility

human cloning

The production of a person genetically identical to another person by the insertion of a genome from a somatic cell into an ovum from which the DNA has been removed (somatic cell nuclear transfer). Human cloning is currently almost universally proscribed. At the present time it is also scientifically unfeasible. Because nuclear cloning bypasses the normal processes of gametogenesis and fertilization, it prevents the reprogramming of the clone's genome necessary for the development of an embryo into a normal human being. There is evidence that surviving cloned animals have serious abnormalities of gene expression.
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This refers to language such as that contained in a DeGette bill that was opposed by NRLC and defeated in the House on June 6, 2007, which would have allowed the creation of human embryos by cloning but made it a federal offense to allow a human clone to survivean approach denounced by NRLC and other pro-life groups as "clone and kill.
Concerns over the possibility of producing a human clone (Reproductive cloning) were increased in 1996 when first cloned adult mammal, Dolly, the sheep was produced by the scientists in Scotland using somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT).
2002 - Clonaid claims to produce first human clone, a baby girl named Eve.
For this reason, his research may be the closest science has come to producing a human clone.
During final debate on the legislation in the Commons, Jeannot Castonguay, Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Health, affirmed that, "No matter what the objective or the method, this legislation prohibits the creation of a human clone.
Speaking out for the first time after a religious sect claimed on Friday to have brought the world's first human clone to birth, the British Medical Association's leading expert on medical ethics, Dr Vivienne Nathanson, told The Western Mail, "Every legislature should move to make it illegal, as most have failed to make any laws about this technology.
A UFO cult behind claims to have created the world's first human clone said yesterday they may be able to prove it by next week.
A BABY who is claimed to be the world's first human clone will fly home to the US today, according to the company which says it created her.
The religious sect tied to the company claiming it has produced the first human clone is clearly unlike anything that science has grappled with.
58) Only self-imposed restraint and/or legislative prohibition distinguishes the "therapeutic" human clone from its reproductive twin.
Concern over the possibility of producing a human clone increased with the announcement on February 24, 1997, that scientists in Scotland had used SCNT in 1996 to produce the first cloned adult mammal, Dolly, the sheep.
The guidelines aim to ensure that no human clone will be born while allowing medically valuable research using human and animal cells, the officials said.

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