hospital-acquired pneumonia


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hospital-acquired pneumonia

pneumonia in a patient in a hospital, or hospital-like setting, such as a rehabilitation facility. Often caused by gram-negative or staphylococcal organisms.

hospital-acquired pneumonia

Nosocomial pneumonia Infectious disease Pulmonary infection acquired during a hospital stay which is often more severe than community-acquired pneumonia Risk factors Immune compromise, alcoholism, elderly, aspiration due to intubation. Cf Community-acquired pneumonia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fullerton et al., "Prospective quality initiative to maximize dysphagia screening reduces hospital-acquired pneumonia prevalence in patients with stroke," Stroke, vol.
Internationally, between 44 and 65 per cent of hospitalised dependent older adults do not receive oral care, putting them at greater risk of hospital-acquired pneumonia. (20) International studies have identified numbers of barriers to implementing oral care, including: carers' compliance; lack of knowledge, skills, time, and resources; carers' attitudes; and older adults' challenging behaviours.
[1] Pneumonia can be classified as (a) community-acquired pneumonia (CAP), (b) nosocomial pneumonia (hospital-acquired pneumonia or ventilator-associated pneumonia), and (c) healthcare-associated pneumonia.
The major types of hospital infections prevalent worldwide are hospital-acquired pneumonia, urinary tract infections and surgical site infections.
New treatment guidelines for hospital-acquired pneumonia and ventilator-associated pneumonia recommend shorter courses of antibiotics than are usually prescribed, which ensures safe and effective treatment while limiting development of antibiotic resistance (6).
Hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP) is one of the most frequent and most severe medical complications in patients which are hospitalized in intensive care units.
The REPROVE trial assessed the efficacy of Zavicefta (ceftazidime-avibactam) compared with meropenem in the treatment of adult patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), including ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP).
The hospital acquired infection testing market report estimates the market size (Revenue USD million - 2013 to 2020) for market segmentation based on disease test (blood stream associated infection, MRSA infection, Hospital-acquired pneumonia, surgical associated infection, UTI, Gastroenteritis, puerperal fever, etc.), and forecasts growth trends (CAGR% - 2016 to 2020).
(3) Within the past decade, there have been several research studies suggesting periodontal disease to be a major risk factor for hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP).
A retrospective analysis in the UAE examined rates of community and hospital-acquired pneumonia which revealed the average age of patients as 58 years, and the most common co-morbidities were diabetes mellitus (21 per cent), malignancy (20 per cent) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (19 per cent).

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