Hormones


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Hormones: endocrine system, pregnancy hormones

hormones

A term whose definition has expanded progressively over time with the growth of physiology.
1. Chemical substances produced by the ENDOCRINE and other glands or cells and released into the bloodstream to act upon specific receptor sites in other parts of the body, so as to bring about various effects. Hormones are part of the control and feedback system of the body by which HOMEOSTASIS is achieved. The pituitary hormones are adrenocorticotropin, to prompt cortisone release from the adrenal cortex; follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones to produce sperm and egg maturation in the testis and ovary; prolactin for milk secretion in the breast; thyroid stimulating hormone for the thyroid; growth hormone for the bones and muscles; melanotropin for the pigment cells (melanocytes); and antidiuretic hormone for water reabsorption in the kidneys. Under these influences, each of the endocrine glands produces its own hormones.
2. Any chemical mediator or carrier of information from whatever source to whatever destination. From the Greek hormon , to urge or stir up.

Hormones

Chemicals produced by glands in the body that circulate in the blood and control the actions of cells and organs. Estrogens are hormones that affect breast cancer growth.

Patient discussion about Hormones

Q. does the growth hormone have side effects and what are they?

A. Yes, it does, and not a few. They include, among others, pain in the joints, carpal tunnel syndrome, diabetes, pain at the injection site, problems with the thyroid gland, ear problems and many others. You may read more about side effects of growth hormone treatment (called Mecasermin or Somatropin) here: http://www.drugs.com/ppa/mecasermin.html

Q. what is the effect of hormones during pregnancy on a woman's temper?

A. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can indeedn cause mood changes, starting from anxiety or agitations to developing major clinical symptoms of depression. Pregnancy affects each woman differently.

Q. What types of hormonal changes caused by fibromyalgia? Fibromyalgia affects hormones because I feel pain in my back bone. What types of hormonal changes caused by fibromyalgia?

A. Have you ever checked your back pain with a doctor? It may or may not be due to fibromyalgia. Low serotonin levels, low growth hormone levels, and low levels of neuropeptide Y, a component of the feel-good hormone neurotransmitter norepinephrine have been associated with fibromyalgia. Elevated levels of substance P acts as a neurotransmitter and signals the body to experience pain. These pains have also been observed in the spinal cord of fibromyalgia patients.

More discussions about Hormones
References in periodicals archive ?
For years, people have argued that synthetic hormones and bioidentical hormones are the same.
First, you need to decode your deficiency--which hormones are you really missing?
Neurotransmitters-chemical messengers that allow communication between adjacent nerve cells-are not considered to be hormones in the traditional sense of the word because these chemicals are released into synapses and do not enter the blood.
For all practical purposes, there are three different types of treatment options for hormone balancing: natural, or bio-identical hormones; synthetic hormones; and phyto, or plant hormones.
The hormone that initiates the body's response to stress, CRF, is found throughout the brain.
Understanding the claim that bio-identical hormones are natural (and, by implication, that standard menopause HT hormones aren't) is probably a good place to start.
However, a separate study of black women finds a greater risk of breast cancer in women who took the hormone for 10 or more years than in women who had no hormone therapy.
Lucille explains, "Digestion couldn't happen without the endocrine system, which produces hormones that control the necessary chemical activities.
One limitation of the study is that the hormone was studied only in normal mice, and not in fat ones.
Thyroid hormones were extracted from fathead minnow larvae based on the technique described by Greenblatt et al.
The anabolic steroids involved in the Major League Baseball scandal mimic hormones responsible for controlling female characteristics.
The researchers also found that women who had undergone a hysterectomy and who started hormone therapy for menopausal symptoms and had used hormones for more than 10 years were most likely to-return to hormones once they stopped than other women.