foot-and-mouth disease

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foot-and-mouth dis·ease (FMD),

a highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus (genus Aphthovirus) and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.
Synonym(s): aftosa

foot-and-mouth disease

n.
An acute, highly contagious degenerative viral disease of cattle and other cloven-hoofed animals, characterized by fever and the eruption of vesicles around the mouth and hooves. It is usually not fatal. Also called hoof-and-mouth disease.

foot-and-mouth disease

an acute extremely contagious rhabdovirus, specifically vesicular stomatitis virus, infection, primarily of cloven-hooved animals. It is characterized by the development of ulcers on the skin around the mouth, on the mucous membrane in the mouth, and on the udders. Horses are immune. The virus is transmitted to humans by direct contact with infected animals or their secretions or with contaminated milk, although this is rare. It should not be confused with hand-foot-and-mouth disease, which is caused by a different virus (coxsackie A). Symptoms and signs in humans include headache, fever, malaise, and vesicles on the tongue, oral mucous membranes, hands, and feet. Generalized pruritus and painful ulcerations may occur; however, the temperature soon falls, the lesions subside in about a week, and total healing without scars is complete by 2 or 3 weeks. Treatment is symptomatic. Also called aphthous fever. See also picornavirus.
An infection of cloven-hoofed barnyard beasts (cattle, goats, pigs, sheep) or rarely, humans, by a picornavirus, genus Aphthovirus, or by a rhabdovirus, vesicular stomatitis, which has an RNA clothed in a naked icosahedral nucleocapsid

foot-and-mouth dis·ease

(fut mowth di-zēz)
Highly infectious disease of worldwide distribution and great economic importance, occurring in cattle, swine, sheep, goats, and all wild and domestic cloven-hoofed animals caused by a picornavirus and characterized by vesicular eruptions in the mouth, tongue, hoofs, and udder; humans are rarely affected.

foot-and-mouth disease

an extremely contagious, acute disease of all cloven-footed animal species. It is caused by members of the genus Aphthovirus in the family Picornaviridae which has seven serotypes and at least 80 subserotypes. Clinically there is a syndrome of fever and vesicular lesions in the mouth and around the coronets. The first sign is often lameness. Spread is very rapid and the virus is very resistant so that the infection is readily transmitted on inanimate objects. The virus can also be transmitted over several miles by wind-borne carriage of aerosol infection from respiratory excretion of the virus. It is not fatal except occasionally in calves and young piglets, where it also produces a myocarditis, but herd productivity is reduced disastrously. A disease notifiable to the OIE (see Table 24). Controlled with a slaughter eradication policy in most countries, but the outbreak in the United Kingdom in 2001 indicates that this policy has limited public support. Called also FMD, aftosa.

foot-and-mouth disease m. d. virus (FMDV)
a picornavirus, seven serotypes, at least 80 subtypes, affecting all ruminants, pigs, hedgehogs and elephants. The virus is extremely acid-labile but survives well in offal, particularly glandular tissue and bone marrow which were commonly fed as garbage to pigs resulting in outbreaks of disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
On March 13, Miyazaki prefectural government officials detected symptoms of an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease, a virus-induced ailment that can be fatal to livestock, but it is not communicable to humans.
The last time an outbreak of the hoof-and-mouth disease occurred in Japan was in 1908, when it was reported in the Kansai and Chugoku region.
According to government records, the outbreak of the hoof-and-mouth disease in Miyazaki is the first in Japan since 1908, when it was reported in the Kansai and Chugoku regions.
A total of 19 head of cattle at two farms in the prefecture have already been found with symptoms similar to hoof-and-mouth since March 25, of which 10 cows at a farm in the city of Miyazaki have been confirmed as having been infected.
The last time an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease occurred in Japan was in 1908, when it was reported in the Kansai and Chugoku regions in western Japan.
The cattle, which have been destroyed, were probably infected with the virus through humans or through feed from other cattle previously found to have hoof-and-mouth disease, officials of the Miyazaki prefectural government's stock-breeding section said.
A suspected outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease in Japanese cattle could have a damaging impact on Australia's lucrative beef export industry, Australian Cattle Council President Peter Milne said Wednesday.
Moreover, steam's economic problems were compounded by an outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease in 1914 that briefly closed public horse troughs and denied steam cars a convenient source of water for their perpetually thirsty boilers.
S travel industry leaders met with the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer in New York, following the recent World Travel Leaders Summit, a fact finding delegation of industry leaders hosted by the British Tourist Authority for meetings with British and Scottish Government leaders in the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister announced in Parliament that the British Government has allocated 17 million dollars in additional funding to promote the recovery of tourism to the UK following the hoof-and-mouth crisis and its impact on tourism.
The Hong Kong government said Thursday it has barred the import of live pigs and cattle from both Japan and South Korea following a suspected outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease in the two countries.
The Agriculture Ministry on Wednesday ordered the disinfection of all fodder straw imported from China in connection with a suspected outbreak of hoof-and-mouth disease, a virus-induced ailment that can be fatal to livestock, in Miyazaki Prefecture.
Taiwan alleged Friday that cattle on the offshore island of Quemoy found to be infected with hoof-and-mouth disease were smuggled in from China.