In 1997, during the Hong Kong influenza (H5N1) outbreak, an immune response induced by an influenza virus (H9N2), being T cells but not antibodies, protected chickens from lethal influenza (H5N1) (13).
Our data confirm that persons who have never been exposed to H5N1 subtype may be able to generate a cell-mediated response against the Hong Kong influenza (H5N1) isolate.
The first cases were reported in Los Angeles County and identified by the California Department of Health Services as the Type B Hong Kong influenza
lt; < < < Virus Year < < Type Name of outbreak < < 1900 < < H3 Pandemic not confirmed < < 1918 < < H1 Spanish or swine influenza < < 1957 < < H2 Asian influenza < < 1968 < < H3 Hong Kong influenza
< < 1977 < < H1 Russian influenza, age limited < < 2009 < < H1N1 Type A H1N1 (Swine flu) < <
Multinational impact of the 1968 Hong Kong influenza
pandemic: evidence for a smoldering pandemic.
All 3 have been informally identified by their presumed sites of origin as Spanish, Asian, and Hong Kong influenza, respectively.
As in 1957, a new influenza pandemic arose in Southeast Asia and acquired the sobriquet Hong Kong influenza on the basis of the site of its emergence to western attention.
Monto AS, Kendal AR Effect of neuraminidase antibody on Hong Kong influenza.
Origin and progress of the 1968-69 Hong Kong influenza epidemic.
Recycling of Asian and Hong Kong influenza A virus hemagglutinins in man.
The age distribution of excess mortality during A2 Hong Kong influenza epidemics compared with earlier A2 outbreaks.
Infection with A2 Hong Kong influenza
virus in domestic cats.