The fronds contained more lipids than the stipes, holdfast, or the whole plant, particularly in fall (Table 1).
Furthermore, crude fiber levels in whole plants, stipes, and holdfast were greater in Talquilla, whereas levels were higher in fronds from Lagunillas.
The encrusting echinoderm holdfast
has a discoidal morphology.
After the seahorse selected the holdfast inside the territory, the damselfish was reintroduced.
Seahorse color and its holdfast color were also recorded.
Morphological traits of each experimental kelp were quantified by weighing its fronds and holdfast
, recording the number and lengths of its fronds, and using one of two simple techniques to determine its maximal projected area (i.e., the maximal area that could face flow if the kelp was configured in its least streamlined posture).
If the vine climbs by holdfasts
and total wall coverage is the only objective, little attention is needed except the removal of dead or damaged shoots, and those extending too far outward from the wall.
Second, all fronds regenerated from holdfasts
and, hence, were of small to moderate size.
Five small discoidal holdfasts
have a circular outline (Fig.
The macrofaunal community of Ecklonia radiata holdfasts
: description of the faunal assemblage and variation associated with differences in holdfast
The latter is more important because it is the individual stipes of the thalli that typically break, not the holdfasts
(which can be shared by multiple thalli).
At the end of the study, the majority of the specimens had a holdfasts
6 cm in diameter, 3 m in length and a biomass of 2.7 kg; with a maximum of 7 kg wet weight per specimen (Figs.