Histomonas

Histomonas

a genus of ameboid, single flagellate protozoa in the family Monocercomonadidae.

Histomonas meleagridis
found in many species of birds but important only in turkeys as cause of histomoniasis. Transmitted by the nematode Heterakis gallinarum. Chickens are resistant carriers.
Histomonas wenrichi
see parahistomonaswenrichi.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pathologic and molecular findings associated with Histomonas meleagridis are described in a leucistic Indian peafowl (Pavo cristatus) from Southern Brazil.
Blackhead disease: reduced sensitivity of Histomonas meleagridis to nitarsone in vitro and in vivo.
Histomoniasis is a disease almost exclusively of birds in the order Galliformes, but Histomonas has been reported from the intestinal tracts of burrowing owls in Brazil and a common buzzard (Buteo buteo) in Turkey (Davidson, 2008; Ozmen et al.
For example, crude extracts of garlic reduced or eliminated Hymenolepis, Aspiculuris, Histomonas, and Eimeria parasites in animal models of infection (Hafez and Hauck, 2006; Toulah and Al-Rawi, 2007; Ayaz et al.
Histomoniasis or blackhead disease is a life-threatening disease of turkeys that is caused by a flagellated protozoan, Histomonas meleagridis.
El efecto mas llamativo de este helminto radica en que sus huevos pueden actuar como transportadores del protozoario Histomonas meleagridis, agente etiologico de la histomoniasis (Kaufmann, 1996; Permin et al.
In 1895, Smith reported that blackhead, an economically devastating enterohepatitis of turkeys, was caused by a protozoan called Amoeba meleagridis (now Histomonas meleagridis).
No evidence of Pasteurella multocida (fowl cholera) or Histomonas meleagridis (blackhead) were seen.
Phylogenetic position of the trichomonad parasite of turkeys, Histomonas meleagridis (Smith) Tyzzer, inferred from small subunit rRNA sequence.
Metronidayol given once a month can help prevent the growth of the parasite Histomonas meleagridis which causes blackhead.
Its clinical indication is for the prevention of blackhead disease in poultry, which is caused by the protozoan species Histomonas meleagridis (McDougald 2005).
This report describes outbreaks of histomonosis, a severe disease caused by the protozoan parasite Histomonas meleagridis, which occurred over a period of 3 y on an organic farm in southern Germany.