In 2012, a woman who reported no heterosexual sex
in the previous 10 years, injection drug use, or other recognized risk factors for HIV infection tested HIV-positive during a 6-month monogamous relationship with a female sexual partner who was HIV-positive and had stopped receiving antiretroviral treatment in 2010.
The proportion of respondents who had never had heterosexual sex
declined from 40% in Wave 1 to 6% in Wave 3 (Table 1).
"There is a problem and we believe it is bigger than what is estimated [by the health ministry]," Dr Sana Naffa, UNAIDS Jordan technical coordinator, said.According to UNAIDS, the most common modes of transmission in cases reported in Jordan in recent years are heterosexual sex
, followed by blood transfusions and mother to child transfusions, homosexual sex and drug use by injection.HIV/AIDS program managers in Jordan say that one of the major problems they encounter, in trying to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS preventative actions, is the conservative nature of Jordanian society.
The figures reveal 698 contracted HIV through heterosexual sex
, while 465 were infected by homosexual transmission, with twice as many men as women contracting the virus.
"It's straight consenting sex, heterosexual sex
, and I've got nothing at all to be ashamed of.
However, it can also be transmitted through heterosexual sex
, blood transfusions, childbirth and breastfeeding.
Oscar, similar to heterosexual and gay men who experienced first sex outside of a romantic commitment, felt the literal gaze of other men, which prompted, compelled, and encouraged him to experience first heterosexual sex
And although it is often seen as a disease mainly affecting the gay community, most new infections are transmitted through heterosexual sex
, it has been revealed.
My mother contracted HIV through heterosexual sex
in 1986, a time when women--especially white-middle-aged, divorced morns from upstate New York--were not considered a group at risk.
Unlike their straight counterparts, gay youths are often unable to define themselves as sexual beings, because the familiar definitions of heterosexual sex
and virginity do not apply.
Germain sees the Bush administration as imposing "a moral vision of the world that recognizes only heterosexual sex
in marriage and that takes a very punitive position toward anyone that deviates from that stance." Indeed, along with conservative members of Congress, the Bush administration have been able to impose (or is working toward imposing) a number of repressive restrictions on non-profit organizations working on HIV/AIDS, which are staggering in their implications.
These include false assertions that people can transmit HIV through sweat and tears: half of the nation's gay male teens have AIDS: condoms fail to prevent HIV transmission 31 percent of the time during heterosexual sex
; and 43-day old fetuses are thinking beings.