dimer

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Related to Heterodimeric: Homodimer, Heterodimers

dimer

 
1. a compound formed by combination of two identical simpler molecules.
2. a capsomer having two structural subunits.
D-dimer a fragment of fibrin that is formed as a result of fibrin degradation. A positive test for its presence in the blood is suggestive of conditions such as thrombotic disease, sickle cell crisis, malignancy, disseminated intravascular coagulation, or recent surgery.

di·mer

(dī'mĕr),
A compound or unit produced by the combination of two like molecules; in the strictest sense, this occurs without the loss of atoms (thus, nitrogen tetroxide, N2O4, is the dimer of nitrogen dioxide, NO2), but usually by elimination of H2O or a similar small molecule between the two (for example, a disaccharide), or by simple noncovalent association (as of two identical protein molecules); higher orders of complexity are called trimers, tetramers, oligomers, and polymers.
[G. di-, two, + -mer]

dimer

/di·mer/ (di´mer)
1. a compound formed by combination of two identical molecules.
2. a capsomer having two structural subunits.

dimer

[dī′mər]
Etymology: Gk, di, twice, meros, parts
a compound formed by the union of two radicals or two molecules of a single simpler compound.

di·mer

(dī'mĕr)
A compound or unit produced by the combination of two like molecules; in the strictest sense, without loss of atoms (thus nitrogen tetroxide, N2O4, is the dimer of nitrogen dioxide, NO2), but usually by elimination of H2O or a similar small molecule between the two (e.g., a disaccharide), or by simple noncovalent association (as of two identical protein molecules); higher orders of complexity are called trimers, tetramers, oligomers, and polymers.
[G. di-, two, + -mer]

dimer

a molecule made by the joining of two molecules of the same kind, i.e. two MONOMERS. Ultraviolet light can induce THYMINE DIMERS in DNA.

dimer

chemical compound formed by the union of two identical molecules.
References in periodicals archive ?
Monomeric and homodimeric disintegrins have significant inhibitory activities on APD-induced platelet aggregation (less than 400 nM) while most heterodimeric disintegrins show greater I[C.
The IL-12 family of heterodimeric cytokines: new players in the regulation of T cell responses.
Enterokinase or enteropeptidase is a heterodimeric serine protease produced by cells in the duodenal wall.
The PI3K are heterodimeric enzymes composed of a regulatory subunit (p85) and a catalytic subunit (p110a).
NF-KappaB (Nuclear Factor-KappaB) is a heterodimeric protein composed of different combinations of members of the Rel family of transcription factors.
Expression and purification of feline thyrotropin (fTSH): Immunological detection and bioactivity of heterodimeric and yoked glycoproteins.
9 Interleukin-12 is a major proinflammatory heterodimeric cytokine that may play a role in the pathogenesis of MS10 and of experimental autoimmune encephalo-myelitis.
IHF is a heterodimeric protein encoded by ihfA and ihfB, which causes sharp bends upon binding to DNA.
The HER2 tyrosine kinase in turn can be activated by such heterodimeric interaction.
Merck Patent GmbH (Darmstadt, Germany) has patented methods for producing fusion proteins with the heterodimeric cytokine, interleukin-12.
Cytosolic guanylyl cyclases (GC-S) are heterodimeric, heme-containing proteins found across the animal kingdom, including mammals, fish, arthropods, molluscs, echinoderms, and nematodes (Koesling and Friebe, 1999; Fitzpatrick et al.