Also found in: Dictionary, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


Greek physician and anatomist of the Alexandrian school, circa 300 B.C. See: torcular herophili.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Herophilus was an anatomist and physician, who founded one of the first medical schools in Alexandria.
He argues that the classification of Herophilus is a distinctly medical version of the Posidonian approach.
The heyday of neuro-anatomy dawned when Herophilus and Erasistratus commenced human dissection (probably even vivisection) of condemned criminals, under patronage of the Ptolemaic pharaohs in the newly established city of Alexandria (332 BC).
Herophilus considered the latter to be responsible for motor activity and equilibrium.
Case 33 of the Edwin Smith papyrus strongly suggests an autopsy, but after this all is silence until Herophilus and Erasistratus emerge in Ptolemaic times.
The anatomical descriptions of Herophilus, in particular, were not improved on for 18 centuries.
Herophilus showed a special interest in vision and the eye, contributing a separate treatise, On Eyes.
Herophilus, one of the great Greek physicians, along with Erasistratus, provided a beginning for anatomical pathology and autopsy (1).
The resident scholars and those affiliated by correspondence (Archimedes) or as legatees (Galen and Ptolemy) were the originators of axiomatic geometry and what we now refer to as protoscience: for example, Euclid, Herophilus, Erasistratus, Apollonius, Heraclides, Hipparchus, and Aristarchus.
Around 300 BC, Herophilus was using dissections to teach anatomy, and he wrote a treatise on human anatomy but paid no attention to abnormalities of structure.
The dissection of human cadavers is a complex topic that can be comprehended only if a number of factors are taken into account, as illustrated by the example of Herophilus of Chalcedon, who was the first dissector in the Western medical tradition.
The first medical theorists were hesitant about the ascription of causes for any particular diseases or afflictions--Diocles, Herophilus, and Erasistratus all questioned the causal connection when the illness could not be seen as ineluctably following from the purported cause.