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Greek physician and anatomist of the Alexandrian school, circa 300 B.C. See: torcular herophili.
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He argues that the classification of Herophilus is a distinctly medical version of the Posidonian approach.
The heyday of neuro-anatomy dawned when Herophilus and Erasistratus commenced human dissection (probably even vivisection) of condemned criminals, under patronage of the Ptolemaic pharaohs in the newly established city of Alexandria (332 BC).
Herophilus conducted the first dissection of the human body in the library, and Hipparchus began the science of astronomy here.
The first documented dissections for the study of disease were performed by Alexandrian physicians Herophilus and Erasistratus in about 300 BC.
The Museum at Alexandria was the site of important early work on anatomy by Herophilus (ca.
Aristotle's treatise on the soul is duly acknowledged, but the author misses useful and instructive opportunities to consider the Hippocratics and such ancient anatomists as Herophilus (335-380 B.
Erasistratus en conjunto con su maestro y contemporaneo Herophilus, fueron los primeras en hacer disecciones anatomicas en publico y realizaron tambien, vivisecciones de criminales condenados.
The anatomical descriptions of Herophilus, in particular, were not improved on for 18 centuries.
Around 300 BC, Herophilus was using dissections to teach anatomy, and he wrote a treatise on human anatomy but paid no attention to abnormalities of structure.
The dissection of human cadavers is a complex topic that can be comprehended only if a number of factors are taken into account, as illustrated by the example of Herophilus of Chalcedon, who was the first dissector in the Western medical tradition.
The resident scholars and those affiliated by correspondence (Archimedes) or as legatees (Galen and Ptolemy) were the originators of axiomatic geometry and what we now refer to as protoscience: for example, Euclid, Herophilus, Erasistratus, Apollonius, Heraclides, Hipparchus, and Aristarchus.
In this treatise Galen mentions several well-known physicians and philosophers, Empedocles, Hippocrates, Herophilus, Erasistratus, and Chrysippus, as well as the Stoics in general, and, in his elegant preface, the poet Parthenius.