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Greek physician and anatomist of the Alexandrian school, circa 300 B.C. See: torcular herophili.
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Were I to construct my own anatomical sketch of Mulligan Stew, I should acknowledge my debt not only to Herophilos of Chalcedon, but also to that notorious fraud, "pseudo-Aristeas" whose letter reminds us that a text written for one intended purpose might eventually be put to another, seemingly unrelated use.
671b) and Herophilos still depended largely on comparative anatomy, despite the availability to him of humans (von Staden, 1989, 182-3).
In the first, he surveys the history of anatomy, in order to show that Renaissance anatomists not only did not reject the authority of the Greeks, but that each of three major sixteenth-century Italian writers in the field aimed literally to revive the investigative program of a different Greek predecessor or predecessors: Galen, in the case of Vesalius; Herophilos and Erasistratos, in the case of Realdo Colombo; and Aristotle, in the case of Girolamo Fabrizi.