genetic disorder

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Related to Hereditary disorder: hereditary disease

genetic disorder

A pathological condition caused by an absent or defective gene or by a chromosomal aberration. Also called hereditary disease.

ge·net·ic dis·or·der

(jĕ-net'ik dis-ōr'dĕr)
A widely used but nonetheless imprecise term that denotes a condition or illness related to biologic inheritance.

Patient discussion about genetic disorder

Q. what makes Arthritis a genetic disease?

A. First of all, the term arthritis is a bit inaccurate: Arthritis denotes an inflammation of joints. There are many kinds of arthritis that may result from different causes, and therefore, are different diseases: septic arthritis (inflammation due to infection of joint) has much less genetic background than ankylosing spondylitis (an arthritis of the lower back joints that occurs almost exclusively in people with certain genetic background).

The arthritis with the genetic background are usually the autoimmune ones: Due to genetic determinants, the immune system of some people is programmed to recognize the various parts of the joints (and other organs as well) as foreign (i.e. like bacteria) and thus launches an attack on them. In normal immune system, that doesn't happen.

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Q. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? My only son is in his teens that is the age to enjoy life, but he cannot enjoy his life with his friends because we found that he is suffering from a bipolar condition. I feel so sad for him and though my care-free days have gone, I often think about how much fun I had at his age. I too suffered from a bipolar disorder and my mom too. Is bipolar disease a hereditary problem? I want him to help to enjoy his life.

A. I agree with you. No one should suffer because of hereditary problems. This is the same situation here as genes are passed from generation to generation. This information is inconclusive because many who may have had bipolar disorders did not have it checked out. Who is to say, how many people 50 years ago had it but dismissed it as being moody, or ill tempered. Doctors were not aware about this problem years ago. Some time back, someone who showed signs of a mental disorder was straight away shoved into a mental hospital and left to suffer. Besides they are often treated with electric shock therapy eventually getting out of control. Testing is still in progress to find out if genetics play a role but these theories may take several more years before they can have a better understanding.

Q. Is FMS heredetery? My mother was diagnosed with FMS and I would like to know what are the chances I’ll have it too.

A. Hereditary is not the right term. It’s not a genetic disease but The cause of fibromyalgia remains elusive. However, recent studies show that genetic factors can predispose individuals to a genetic susceptibility to fibromyalgia.

More discussions about genetic disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
The chances of all four brothers having the hereditary disorder are eight million to one.
She concluded Mrs Morgan could have died from Long Q-T Syndrome - an hereditary disorder of the heart's electrical rhythm that can occur in otherwise healthy people.
HD is a fatal hereditary disorder in which the death of brain cells eventually leads to involuntary movements and mental and behavioral changes.
Huntington's Disease, or HD as it is known, is a severe hereditary disorder of the central nervous system.
When Erma Bombeck died on April 22, 1996, the nation's attention was focused on the cause of the popular humor writer's death, polycystic kidney disease (PKD), a common hereditary disorder that slowly forms tissue-destroying cysts.
Three teams of scientists received approval last week from a national panel of physicians and ethicists to administer gene therapy to a limited number of adults with cystic fibrosis -- the most common lethal hereditary disorder in the United States.
The hereditary disorder cannot be cured and it is known to increase the risk of various life-threatening complications.
There is also Friedrich's ataxia, a hereditary disorder that strikes children, among other types.
Ocular manifestations of Alport's syndrome: a hereditary disorder of basement membranes?
Hemophilia is a rare, hereditary disorder that causes excessive bleeding to occur spontaneously or after injury.
Revenue climbed 19% to $960.2 million on the strength of its biggest product, Cerezyme, a treatment for Gaucher's disease, and its newest drug for hereditary disorder, Myozyme, a treatment for Pompe disease.
Huntington's Disease is a hereditary disorder of the central nervous system which usually develops in adulthood.

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