A total of 34 herbivores
were observed in the inflorescences of 5.
Additionally, she thinks herbivores
will accelerate nitrogen cycling in some plots, because in high-nitrogen systems, they stimulate growth of fast-growing plants that can tolerate grazing.
Labeo rohita, while no significant difference was observed for other herbivores
This combination of vegetationdriven processes rising from the bottom of the food-web and predator and herbivore
driven processes cascading down from the top can create rich mosaics of habitats.
Such tradeoffs between habitat components have broad ecological implications, especially for interpreting fine-scale patterns of habitat selection and space use by specialist herbivores
Our study investigated the influence of human hunting on herbivore
behavioural responses, estimating vigilance and population density of common herbivores
in an area of non-consumptive tourism, southern Gonarezhou National Park (hereafter, Gonarezhou), and a hunting area, Malipati Safari Area (hereafter, Malipati).
In this abiotically constrained environment, the ant fauna and their behavior are poorly known even though being important on multitrophic interactions with plants and herbivores
(Byk and Del-Claro, 2011; Fagundes et al.
Legumes, with their high N content and high forage quality compared to other prairie plants, are commonly selected by mammalian herbivores
This group, which includes early terrestrial herbivores
and large top predators, ultimately evolved into modern living mammals.
Hence, various plant traits might affect distribution of associated herbivores
, such as chemical and physical defenses, plant tissues water/nutrient contents (Rossi & Stiling 1998), phenological variation in growth rate, leaf, flower and fruit production (Rehill & Schultz 2002), and plant architecture (Lawton 1983, Denno & Roderick 1991, Alonso & Herrera 1996, Espirito-Santo et al.
According to foraging theory, herbivores
will maximize their foraging efficiency by consuming the most profitable food sources while minimizing the associated costs of obtaining them (Charnov 1976; Stephens and Krebs 1986).
The current study was aimed at determining whether the Asian tapir--a 300-kilogram herbivore
that isn't hunted--could fill the void in seed dispersal.