TPN

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Related to Hepatic dysfunction: liver disease, liver dysfunction

TPN

 

TPN

Abbreviation for total parenteral nutrition.

TPN

abbr.
total parenteral nutrition

TPN

Total parenteral nutrition IV hyperalimentation Critical care A modality that attempts to provide all the body's need for nutrition without using the GI tract Indications
1. Correction of nutritional depletion in the face of inadequate oral intake and/or intestinal absorption, as in Crohn's disease, malignancy, pseudo-obstruction, radiation enteritis, short bowel syndrome, sprue and.
2. Conditions requiring bowel rest and nutritional restitution–eg, nonspecific colitides and associated growth retardation, enterocutaneous fistulas and pancreatitis TPN is used for children with diaphragmatic hernia, malrotation, esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula, gastroschisis, volvulus, meconium ileus and omphalocele; severely malnourished See Cancer cachexia. Cf Enteral nutrition.
Complications of TPN
Hepatic dysfunction Cholestasis, cholelithiasis, hepatic dysfunction, jaundice, hepatomegaly, micronodular cirrhosis, lipofuscinosis and steatosis–most common in premature infants
Related to indwelling IV line Misplacement of line, infections, eg Candida spp, aspergillosis
Metabolic defects Hyperglycemia–osmotic diuresis, hyperosmolarity, post-infusion hypoglycemia, hyperosmolar coma, ketoacidosis and other metabolic derangements, excess or deficiency of electrolytes, including Na+, K+, Cl, eg hyperchloremic acidosis and mineral imbalances, affecting Mg2+, PO4, and Ca2+ with hypercalcemia and accompanying pancreatitis, hypercalciuria and metabolic bone disease
Nutritional imbalances Generalized ↓ in essential fatty acids, trace minerals–copper, chromium, molybdenum, tin, zinc, and vitamins and ↑ TGs, cholesterol
.

TPN

Abbreviation for three-in-one total parenteral nutrition; total parenteral nutrition; triphosphopyridine nucleotide.

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)

A solution containing all the required nutrients including protein, fat, calories, vitamins, and minerals, is injected over the course of several hours, into a vein. TPN provides a complete and balanced source of nutrients for patients who cannot consume a normal diet.

TPN

Abbreviation for total parenteral nutrition.

Patient discussion about TPN

Q. why is it that some women lack parental nutrition?

A. Do you mean breastfeeding? Some women have problem with their nipples, in rare cases the breast tissue isn't developed enough. Sometimes breast surgeries damage the milk ducts. Psychological factors also play a role.

More discussions about TPN
References in periodicals archive ?
The baseline characteristics of the 118 septic shock patients with hepatic dysfunction are summarised in Table 1.
Diarrhea (43.5%) was the most common extrapulmonary clinical manifestation from days 10 to 15, followed by hepatic dysfunction (39.0%).
* sCr leads to overestimation of GFR in several conditions, such as decreased muscle mass, malnutrition, and hepatic dysfunction, and in elderly individuals.
Hepatic dysfunction: Most patients with scrub typhus had hepatocellular-patterned dysfunction.
First, hepatic dysfunction from conditions such as HCV is an important risk factor for meningococcal disease (3).
headache fatigue dizziness sleep disturbance tremor movement disorder agitation confusion hallucinations Gastrointestinal symptoms like diarrhoea nausea vomiting hepatic dysfunction and skin and cutaneous side effects like rash.
Objective: To determine the correlation of hepatic venous waveform changes with severity of hepatic dysfunction and grading of oesophageal varices.
Out of 25 pregnant females, severe anemia was found in 15, hepatic dysfunction in three, renal failure in two, hypoglycemia in one, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in one, multiorgan dysfunction in one and thrombocytopenia in 14 cases and in comparison to 144 non-pregnant females where severe anemia was found in 40 (27.77%), hepatic dysfunction in 11 (7.63%), renal failure in five (3.47%), hypoglycemia in four (2.77%), ARDS in four (2.77%), multiorgan dysfunction in five (3.47%) and thrombocytopenia in 28 (19.44%) cases.
The MEGX test, a new dynamic test of liver function that assesses the rate of MEGX formation after a standard intravenous dose of lidocaine, is a highly sensitive indicator of hepatic dysfunction and has gained the widest acceptance among dynamic liver function tests, especially in the field of liver transplantation (2).
Among the complications, our study population had hepatic dysfunction in the form of elevated liver aminotransferases with or without jaundice (40 cases; 43.01%), pneumonia (18 cases; 19.35%), renal impairment (12 cases; 12.9%) which accounted for majority.
Sixty (27.1%) patients showed hepatic dysfunction based on raised liver enzymes.
Drospirenone has antialdosterone activity, so the Angeliq label includes a warning about the potential for hyperkalemia in high-risk patients, and states that it should not be used in women with renal or adrenal insufficiency, hepatic dysfunction, or other conditions predisposing to hyperkalemia.