Streptococcus pneumoniae and Hemophilus
influenzae type B (Hib) generally lead to orbital tissue infections in relation with bacteremia.
All adult patients with IBD, regardless of immunosuppression status, should receive non-live vaccines in accordance with the national guidelines published by CDC, ACIP, and IDSA, including HAV, HBV, hemophilus
influenza B, HPV, tetanus, and pertussis (2,11,14,17,19,20).
Wang et al., "Activation of NF-[kappa]B by non-typeable Hemophilus
influenzae is mediated by toll-like receptor 2-TAK1-dependent NIK-IKK[alpha]/[beta]-I[kappa]B[alpha] and MKK3/6-p38 MAP kinase signaling pathways in epithelial cells," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Most common pathogen seen in study done by Stricker et al.11 was group A ss-hemolytic streptococcus followed by Hemophilus
influenzae type b.
OPV, oral polio vaccine; DT, diphtheria; TT, tetanus toxoid; MMR, measles, mumps, rubella; quadrovax, diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus and hemophilus
type b conjugate; IPV, injectable polio vaccine.
Robbins, "Immunity to disease caused by Hemophilus
influenzae type b.
parainfluenzae complicating total knee arthroplasty.
Anaphylactoid purpura, also known as HSP, is an IgA-mediated vasculitis due to antigen-antibody complexes resulting from bacterial (Hemophilus
influenza, parainfluenza, mycoplasma, Legionella, Yersinia, Shigella and Salmonella species) and viral (adenoviruses, Epstein-Barr virus, parvoviruses and varicella) infections, vaccinations (cholera, measles, paratyphoid A and B, typhoid, and yellow fever), medications (ampicillin, erythromycin, penicillin, quinidine, and quinine) or autoimmune disorders (2).
Gram negative bacteria include Moraxella catarrhalis (13%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (5%), Hemophilus
influenzae (2%), E.coli (2%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2%).
The 5-in-l vaccine--diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and hemophilus
influenza--normally given at 12 weeks and then 3 and 4 months has also dipped below 95% to 94.3% in 2013-2014 in the UK.
The state of Oregon could allow parents to take responsibility for these diseases not easily transmitted to others in a primary or middle school setting: polio (in the U.S.), hepatitis B, hepatitis A, rotavirus, HPV, meningitis, pneumonia and hemophilus
, though these vaccines are among the safest we have.
Menos del 2% de las endocarditis infecciosas son causadas por germenes gram negativos no HACEK (Hemophilus
, Actinobacillus, Cardiobacterium, Eikenella, and Kingella), incluyendo Pseudomonas aeruginosa (2).