Helsinki Accords

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Helsinki Accords

[helsing′kē]
a declaration signed by the representatives of 35 member nations of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland, on August 1, 1975. The declared goals of the nonbinding document comprised four principal aspects of European security: economic cooperation, humanitarian issues, contact between the East and West, and provision for a later follow-up conference (held in Belgrade in 1978). Follow-up conferences were planned in part to allow the member nations to monitor each other's performance on humanitarian issues, such as the right to self-determination of all people and respect for fundamental freedoms, including thought, conscience, and religion or belief, without regard to race, language, sex, or religion. The Helsinki Accords grew from the precedent set by the judgments at the Nuremberg tribunals-that crimes against humanity are offenses subject to criminal prosecution. The principle and the practice of informed consent in health care grew from this precedent. Also called Helsinki Declaration. See also Nuremberg tribunal.
References in periodicals archive ?
Russia and the UK, international co-conveners of the Helsinki conference, seem eager to continue the MEWMDFZ process despite the conditions set by the U.
18) British American Security Information Council, Report on the BASIC Istanbul Roundtable, Preparing for the Helsinki conference on a Middle East Nuclear and WMD-free zone, Paul Ingram, moderator, October 25, 2012; www.
Iran is a vociferous supporter of the Helsinki conference.
It has declined to attend the Helsinki conference, arguing that a WMD-free zone in the war-ravaged Middle East could be created only in the context of a comprehensive peace treaty promoting genuine trust between the region's many traditionally hostile neighbours.
The Arab countries cooperated fully with the coordinator of the Helsinki conference which was originally slated for 2012, he said, referring to the Arab League decision on backing the efforts geared to rid the region of all weapons of mass destruction (WMDs).
They will look into the issue of postponing the 2012 Helsinki conference on ridding the Middle East of nuclear arms and WMDs and prospects of holding the convention later this month.
Meanwhile, a report referred to the commission affirmed that Israel had obstructed the holding of the Helsinki conference on the Middle East WMDs.
NEW YORK, May 1 (KUNA) -- Kuwait expressed hope the postponed Helsinki conference for banning nuclear weapons in the Middle East would be held before the end of 2014.
The Americans deduced, by examining statements by Arab states' representatives and delegates of Non-Aligned Movement countries at meetings of the commission, that "these countries generally tended to hold them, along with other Western powers and Canada, responsible for failure of holding the Helsinki conference for sake of appeasing Israel," ambassador Al-Mubaraki explained.
Kuwait concurs with other states' opinion that "there has been no tangible progress" in the relevant devised action plans, particularly with regard of holding a conference of clearing the Middle East of nuclear weapons, also known as Helsinki conference, which was due to be held in December 2012, but did not convene.
The meeting also tackled Arab League preparations to hold a conference next month for Arab think tanks to prepare studies and researches that back the Arab stance at the Helsinki conference.

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