Helsinki Accords

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Helsinki Accords

[helsing′kē]
a declaration signed by the representatives of 35 member nations of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe in Helsinki, Finland, on August 1, 1975. The declared goals of the nonbinding document comprised four principal aspects of European security: economic cooperation, humanitarian issues, contact between the East and West, and provision for a later follow-up conference (held in Belgrade in 1978). Follow-up conferences were planned in part to allow the member nations to monitor each other's performance on humanitarian issues, such as the right to self-determination of all people and respect for fundamental freedoms, including thought, conscience, and religion or belief, without regard to race, language, sex, or religion. The Helsinki Accords grew from the precedent set by the judgments at the Nuremberg tribunals-that crimes against humanity are offenses subject to criminal prosecution. The principle and the practice of informed consent in health care grew from this precedent. Also called Helsinki Declaration. See also Nuremberg tribunal.
References in periodicals archive ?
But the fighting over the borders between those countries affected the Helsinki agreement.
Akram al-Hakim, Iraq's minister of reconciliation and a signatory to the deal, said: "The Helsinki Agreement has the potential to bring the Iraqi political parties together in common cause in a way that no endeavour has .
Drawing on the example of the Helsinki Agreement negotiated with the Soviet Union in 1975, leaders such as Southern Baptist executive Richard Land and Prison Fellowship founder Chuck Colson said similar talks with North Korea could result in progress for human rights.
Britain now insists an exchange of information among tax authorities is the only way to meet the Helsinki agreement that "all citizens resident in a Member State of the EU should pay the tax due on all their savings income".
All of the issues have been clarified just as was required by the Helsinki agreement," said Gen Clark.
The Helsinki agreement between the US and Russia, reached on June 18, defined the Russian peacekeeping role in Kosovo, but was subject to interpretation - at least by Moscow.
President Talabani was briefed by the experts on their delegation's contacts and meetings with representatives of all Iraqi groups to discuss ways to implement the principles stipulated by the 2nd Helsinki agreement," read the statement received by Aswat al-Iraq Co Voices of Iraq Co (VOI).
The empirical basis of the study rests on eight case studies: negotiations producing the 1963 Limited Test Ban Treaty, the 1983 agreement on Confidence- and Security-Building Measures and Disarmament in Europe, the 1990 treaty and 1992 applications on Conventional Forces in Europe, the nonagreement on an international trade organization in 1947-48, the GATT Uruguay Round agreement in 1993, the Vienna, Montreal, and Helsinki agreements of 1985, 1987, and 1990 on the ozone layer, the Basel Convention on Hazardous Wastes of 1989, and the 1992 Climate Change Convention.

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