Health Impact Assessment


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Health Impact Assessment

An analysis of the health effects resulting from an intervention, change in a service or establishment of a new service, process, public work or enterprise in a particular region. HIAs are tools for projecting the health effects of policies, plans and projects in diverse economic sectors (e.g., transportation, agriculture, housing, manufacturing) using quantitative, qualitative and participatory techniques. HIAs help policy-makers choose best options and assess alternatives to minimise disease/injury and actively promote health.
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(2000) Health Impact Assessment: A Process for Policy Appraisal, National Health Committee, Wellington.
The proposed Holistic Model is a tool with which EA can integrate holistic health impact assessment, and its use must involve indigenous communities meaningfully in decision-making processes, or else industrialization will continue to perpetuate the legacy of colonialism and historic environmental dispossession.
Currently in Wales, undertaking a health impact assessment on a proposal or project is purely voluntary - and therefore not widely known about, or used.
Current acknowledgements of the links between trade and health call for the incorporation of health impact assessments within international agreements, strengthened representation of public health within economic negotiations and greater coherence between trade and health policy.
This being said, the growing interest in health impact assessment (HIA) has led to some experiments and institutionalisation, particularly in Anglo-Saxon countries.
Health impact assessment at the policy level is a new development in New Zealand.
Rethinking human health impact assessment. Environmental Impact Assessment Review.
The report added: "The BMA accepts that there are potential benefits of GMOs and foods, but believes that it is most important that a comprehensive cost benefit and health impact assessment, comparing genetic modification with other agriculture techniques is implemented.
"These two scientists have been given the task to produce and carry out all aspects attached to a health impact assessment in the area.
However, the practicalities of participatory processes are not always easy to reconcile with the realities of impact assessment, as noted by researchers in relation to health impact assessment. These comments relate to community participation but apply equally to the participation of children: Participation is intuitively appealing but it is clear that participatory approaches do not always run smoothly.
* We need to move from the current risk assessment mind-set to the health impact assessment (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2012) mind-set wherein cumulative health risks and benefits for all proposed plans, projects, and policies are considered before implementation.
I'm really looking forward to working with Debbie in the future." Ms Abrahams is director of the International Health Impact Assessment Consortium at the University of Liverpool and chaired Rochdale Primary Care Trust from 2002 to 2006.

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