Hashimoto disease

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Related to Hashimoto disease: Graves disease, hypothyroidism

Ha·shi·mo·to thy·roi·di·tis

diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes, resulting in diffuse goiter, progressive destruction of the parenchyma and hypothyroidism.

Ha·shi·mo·to dis·ease

(hah-sh-ē-mō'tō di-zēz')
Chronic autoimmune disease of thyroid resulting from antibodies to thyroglobulin and microsomes; most common cause of hypothyroidism in the U.S. Also called Hashimoto struma and Hashimoto thyroiditis.
[Hakaru Hashimoti, 1881-1934, Japanese pathologist]


Hakaru, Japanese surgeon, 1881-1934.
Hashimoto disease - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto struma - Synonym(s): Hashimoto thyroiditis
Hashimoto thyroiditis - diffuse infiltration of the thyroid gland with lymphocytes. Synonym(s): autoimmune thyroiditis; Hashimoto disease; Hashimoto struma; lymphadenoid goiter; struma lymphomatosa
References in periodicals archive ?
The review highlights the need for randomised placebo-controlled trials to evaluate the effects of selenium in people with Hashimoto disease.
Hashimoto disease is observed with a rate of 10% and type 2 DM is observed with a rate of 70% as a component of type 1 autoimmune polyglandular syndrome (OPS).
The frequency of Hashimoto disease is increased in some chromosomal diseases.
Genetic predisposition and familial history with a rate up to 40% have been found in Hashimoto disease (1,2).
One of the most important complications of Hashimoto disease is lymphoma (16-20).
The 32-year-old woman has been treated ambulatorically since 2008 for autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto disease.
Hashimoto disease commonly links with autoimmunological diseases, such as: rheumatoid arthritis; Sjogren syndrome; psoriasis; celiakia; and multiglandular autoimmunological syndromes.
All samples [24 with HAMAs, 25 with heterophilic antibodies, 5 from patients with diabetes, 5 from patients with Graves disease, and 14 from patients with other thyroid disorders (5 from patients with Hashimoto disease, 5 containing thyroid autoantibodies, and 4 from patients with hyperthyroidism of unspecified cause)] were negative in both methods tested.
Another problem is a thyroid ultrasound report that describes the typical features of Hashimoto thyroiditis--coarse texture of the parenchyma and multiple focal 1-6 mm hypoechoic areas (15)--with no mention of Hashimoto disease as the most likely diagnosis, but with a summary stating only that any one of the focal changes might be a cancer.