Hashimoto's thyroiditis


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Related to Hashimoto's thyroiditis: Graves disease

thyroiditis

 [thi″roi-di´tis]
inflammation of the thyroid gland, usually characterized by such symptoms as sore throat, fever, and painful enlargement of the gland.
atrophic thyroiditis a type of autoimmune thyroiditis with atrophy of the follicles and without goiter.
autoimmune thyroiditis any of various types of thyroiditis characterized by autoantibodies against the thyroid gland, resulting in hypothyroidism. The two major types are Hashimoto's disease and atrophic thyroiditis; Riedel's thyroiditis is a less common type.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis Hashimoto's disease.
Riedel's thyroiditis a chronic type of autoimmune thyroiditis with a proliferating, fibrosing, inflammatory process involving usually one but sometimes both lobes of the gland, which becomes hard and enlarged and adherent to the trachea and other adjacent structures. Called also Riedel's struma.
subacute lymphocytic thyroiditis painless, self-limited hyperthyroidism without the nonthyroidal features of Graves' disease; there is lymphocytic infiltration of the thyroid gland.

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

Autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto's autoimmune thyroiditis, Hashimoto's disaease, lymphadenoid goiter, struma lymphomatosa A form of thyroiditis most common in ♀ age 30-50, presents as a diffuse firm thyroid enlargement and/or with a familial Hx of goiter, hypothyroidism, Graves' disease or antithyroid antibodies; other diseases with autoimmune substrate associated with HT include chronic active hepatitis, DM, megaloblastic anemia, PBC, rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren syndrome Clinical Goiter, often little else, but, if extreme, esophageal or tracheal compression Lab Antimicrosomal antibodies; while euthyroid state is maintained, ↑ RAIU, ↓ TSH, normal T3, normal T4; with nonresponse to TSH, ↓ RAIU, ↓ T4, ↑ T3 which reflects maximum stimulation Management Hormone replacement Prognosis Excellent Complications Rarely, lymphoma

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

A common form of thyroid gland swelling (GOITRE). This form of thyroid gland inflammation affects mostly middle-aged women and is an AUTOIMMUNE disorder, due to attack by antibodies mainly to the protein thyroglobulin produced by the gland. Other antibodies are also present. The resulting inflammation causes pain and sometimes difficulty in swallowing from gland enlargement. There is reduced output of thyroid hormone (thyroxine) and replacement therapy may be needed. A short course of steroids is also effective. (Hakaru Hashimoto, 1881–1934, Japanese surgeon).

Hashimoto's thyroiditis

The self destruction of the thyroid cells from an autoimmune disorder.
Mentioned in: Hypoparathyroidism

thyroiditis

inflammation of the thyroid gland.

autoimmune thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
Hashimoto's thyroiditis
see also hashimoto's disease, lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
immune-mediated thyroiditis
see lymphocytic thyroiditis (below).
lymphocytic thyroiditis
progressive cellular infiltration of the thyroid gland, predominantly by lymphocytes, and replacement by fibrous tissue, resulting in hypothyroidism, associated with the presence of autoantibodies against thyroglobulin, follicular cell microsomes, and a second colloid antigen. It occurs in dogs, particularly Beagles, obese (OS) chickens, buffalo rats and primates. The disease has some similarity to Hashimoto's disease of humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the view of the rare reports in recent years, the coexistence of MS and Hashimoto's thyroiditis is of special interest.
Assuming that ambulatory patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis had no bacterial infection, PCT concentrations <0.
Named for the Japanese health care professional who first described it in detail, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is an autoimmune disease.
12) It is therefore not surprising that this entity has been seen with other diseases of immune dysregulation, such as autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type 1, (1) hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus, (2) Hashimoto's thyroiditis, (3) and Hodgkin's disease.
More than half of patients with dermopathy or acropachy reported that they were current smokers, compared with 9% of patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis.
25) In an unpublished CFS family medical history survey, patients frequently reported Hashimoto's thyroiditis and/or autonomic dysfunction in themselves and endocrine and/or cardiac involvement in family members.
The ASAP study was a three-month, IRB-approved, five-visit, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, multi-site study evaluating the impact of anatabine dietary supplementation in patients with Hashimoto's thyroiditis, one of the most common autoimmune diseases and a frequent cause of thyroid dysfunction.
Purpose: We aimed to investigate the presence of antibodies (Anti-BIP) against binding immunoglobulin protein (BIP), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone with immune modulator and anti-apoptotic effects in Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) patients
These include numerous other CTDs, organ-specific autoimmune diseases such as Hashimoto's thyroiditis, a variety of chronic infections, and lymphoproliferative disorders.
In Hashimoto's thyroiditis or Addison's disease, damage to the affected organs leads to a deficiency in the hormones they produce.
Hashimoto's thyroiditis in children and adolescent: a retrospective study on clinical, epidemiological and laboratory properties of the disease.