harmala are rich in /S-carboline alkaloids harmine, harmane, and harmaline
which showed to possess hallucinogenic effects (Araujo et al.
Harmala seed, having alkaloid compounds such as harmala, harmaline
, harmalole, and steroidal compounds of lygan and Saponins have many medicinal effects including regulation of endocrine functions .
Cardiovascular actions of three harmala alkaloids: harmine, harmaline
There is no information regarding the composition or dosage of the herbal preparation, although blood analysis found harmine, THH, harmaline
, DMT and 5MeO-DMT.
Reports of OBEs are also evident with practically every psychedelic drug, ranging from nitrous oxide, hasish, and ether (Crookall, 1961) to LSD (Grof, 1975, 1980), PCP (Rudgley, 2000), DMT (Strassman, 2001), harmaline
, and ayahuasca (Andritzky, 1989; Roney-Dougal 1986).
Ayahuasca is a psychoactive hallucinogenic plant preparation, which has as its main ingredient the Amazonian jungle vine Banisteriopsis caapi, which is rich in [beta]-carbolines, especially harmine, tetrahydroharmine (THH) and harmaline
(usually present only in trace amounts) (dos Santos 2011a; Riba 2003; Ott 1994; Schultes & Hofmann 1992; Schultes 1986).
The mixture contains harmine, harmaline
, and tetrahydroharmine, alkaloids that are also MAO inhibitors.
1995), Treatment of surgically induced esophagitis in rats with the antioxidants rutin and harmaline
inhibited lipid peroxidation and myeloperoxidase in the esophagus, in comparison with untreated rats (Shin et al.
Furthermore, Roney-Dougal (1991, 2001) has proposed that the psychoactive harmala alkaloids also found in ayahuasca, such as harmaline
(once called telepathine), are responsible for producing ESP-like experiences.
The Crown alleged that Juan Uyunkar brought South American vines containing harmaline
into the country.
This plant contains beta-carboline alkaloids including harmine, harmaline
, and tetrahydroharmine that serve as potent monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) (Metzner 2006: 49).
The Crown alleges that the Uyunkars provided a mixture of water, nicotine and harmaline
known as natum to Mrs.