The two men of the Gostivar village of Simnica died of the Hantaan virus
, which is an easier form of hemorrhagic fever and is transmitted to humans from animals, said Health Minister Arben Taravari Thursday.
Four other hospitals used IgM and IgG ELISA kits with mixtures of recombinant antigens, including those from SEOV or Hantaan virus
infection may induce hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), presenting with fever and acute kidney injury.
6,20-22) Among the Old World hantaviruses (Hantaan, Dobrava, Seoul, and Puumala viruses), Hantaan virus
was first described as the cause of hemorrhagic fever renal syndrome (HFRS) in US soldiers returning from the Korean War in the early 1950s.
Epidemic hemorrhagic fever is caused by the Hantaan virus
and has an incubation period of a few days to four weeks, according to Hong Kong's Health Department.
Final testing will involve delivery of Lassa and Hantaan virus
vaccines simultaneously at spatially distinct sites.
In China, HFRS is predominantly caused by Hantaan virus
and Seoul virus, which have Apodemus agrarius and Rattus norvegicus, respectively, as their rodent hosts (Yan et al.
There are 4 known rodent-borne hantaviruses in the ROK: Hantaan virus
(Korean Hemorrhagic Fever (KHF)), Seoul virus, Soochong virus, and Muju virus.
A vaccinia virus-vectored Hantaan virus
vaccine protects hamsters from challenge with Hantaan and Seoul viruses but not Puumala virus.
and its related strains, Seoul virus, Dobrava virus, and Puulmala virus, cause Korean hemorrhagic fever (KHF) in the Far East; hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), nephrosonephritis, or Tula fever in Russia and China; and nephropathia epidemica (NE) in Scandinavia.
The Old World hantaviruses Dobrava (DOBV), Puumala (PUUV), and Tula (TULV) cause HFRS in Europe (6-8), whereas Hantaan virus
(HNTV) and Seoul virus (SEOV) are the most prominent HFRS pathogens in Asia (9).
Studies conducted in Baltimore during this period revealed a widespread distribution of the Hantaan virus
among rodents captured from 12 study sites, including both rural and residential locations.