hand hygiene


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hand hygiene

Any of several techniques to clean the hands, including handwashing with plain and antimicrobial soaps and the use of alcohol-based hand rubs. Hand hygiene is the single most effective method of decreasing nosocomial infections. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that if hands are not visibly soiled, alcohol preparations containing between 60% and 90% ethanol or isopropanol kill microorganisms more effectively than plain or antimicrobial soap and are not as harsh. After the hand rub is applied to the palm of one hand, the hands and fingers should be rubbed together, covering all surfaces, until they are entirely dry. Hands that are visibly dirty or contaminated should still be washed with soap and water for at least 15 seconds. The need for hand hygiene is not eliminated by the use of gloves. Contact dermatitis caused by alcohol hand rubs is very uncommon. However, with increasing use of such products by health care personnel, true allergic reactions will occasionally be encountered. Hospital computers can serve as a reservoir for drug-resistant bacteria such as vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

CAUTION!

Health care personnel should avoid wearing artificial nails and should keep nails less than a quarter of an inch long if they care for patients at high risk of acquiring infections (e.g., patients in ICUs, transplant units, or protective isolation).
See: Hand Washing: Soap and water
See also: hygiene
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
"The time pressure and heavy workload experienced by healthcare workers reduce compliance with hand hygiene standards.
While bacteria counts of student hands has not been studied extensively, Prater (2016) sampled the hands of college students in one study and found that 57.7% had extremely high bacteria counts, indicating infrequent or improper hand hygiene and that lower bacteria counts on hands correlated with less illness during the prior school year.
On a facility level, the use of these tools gives institutions a clear understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of their IPC and hand hygiene programmes, and provides concrete actions to address existing gaps.
WHAT: Perform hand hygiene: when the hands are visibly soiled; after barehanded touching of items likely contaminated with blood, saliva or respiratory secretions; before and after treating each patient; before putting on gloves and again immediately after removing gloves.1-3
"Hand hygiene programs that include hand sanitizer and educational measures for DCC staff, children, and parents reduce absent days, RIs, and antibiotic prescriptions for these infections in children at DCCs," the authors write.
Data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire which had four sections to assess four specific components of ICMs - hand hygiene, UPs, NSIs and surgical scrubbing techniques.
Hand washing and hand sanitizers are part of the hand hygiene process and are referred to by the World Health Organization (WHO) (2015) as antiseptic handwashing (AH).
Beyond hand hygiene, the SwipeSense platform powers critical location-aware applications, including asset tracking and nurse rounding.
Hand hygiene is a great way to prevent infections.'
He emphasized that hospital administrators should take responsibility to make hand hygiene a quality indicator in their hospitals.
Even though the practice of hand hygiene in most occasions was low still it was considered as a single most effective method to tackle the new emerging burden posed by drug resistance microorganisms which were challenges in healthcare institutions by causing many suffering [3].