Halzoun | definition of halzoun by Medical dictionary
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Local name of a buccopharyngeal infection occurring in Lebanon, probably caused by pentastomid larvae of the dog tongue worm, Linguatula serrata, which wander into the throat of the human host after ingestion of infected raw liver or lymph nodes from sheep or goats.
[Ar., snail] An acute upper respiratory tract infestation by the sheep liver fluke, Linguatula serrata, that occurs in Lebanon and Syria, due to ingestion of raw or improperly cooked goat and sheep liver containing viable 3rd stage larvae, which colonise the oropharynx, causing deafness by blocking the eustachian tube, episodic sneezing and coughing, haemoptysis, dysphagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea, and possibly death by closure of nasopharynx
halzoun [Lebanese city, Ain El Halazoun]
An allergic reaction in the mouth and nasopharynx in persons who have eaten incompletely cooked food infested with the parasite Linguatula serrata. Typical symptoms include hoarseness, difficulty swallowing, cough, headache, and rash. The causative parasite is geographically limited to the Middle East, where its primary host is the dog.
halzoun An acute swallowing and breathing difficulty occasioned by inflammation and swelling of the gullet and larynx caused by ingestion of the nymphs of Linguatula serrata in undercooked mutton liver and lymph nodes.
References in periodicals archive
In the Middle East, Halzoun
also occurs after religious feasts in which uncooked sheep or goats may be served (Oluwasina et al., 2014; Sadeghi-Dehkordi et al., 2014).
This nasopharyngeal infection is known as Halzoun syndrome in the Middle East or as Marrara in Sudan (1,2).
Nasopharyngeal pentastomiasis (Halzoun): report of 3 cases.