Based on the mode of action, the global anti-venom market is divided into cytotoxic, neurotoxic, haemotoxic
, cardiotoxic, myotoxic, and others.
Of the bites that were venomous, 187 (93.5%) were cytotoxic and 13 (6.5%) were cytotoxic and haemotoxic. There were no pure haemotoxic or neurotoxic bites.
We did not manage any purely neurotoxic or haemotoxic bites.
The main clinical damage caused by snakebites involves a toxic reaction that is known to be haemotoxic, neurotoxic and myotoxic.
Reversible lower limb deep vein thrombosis following haemotoxic snakebite-a case report.
Neurotoxic envenomation was encountered in 25 (71.4%), haemotoxic in 6 (17.1%) and local cellulitis in 24 (68.6%) of them.
In this series of cases majority of the bites were neurotoxic (71%) compared to the published data from elsewhere, documenting haemotoxic bites to be common in children.
Regarding the pattern of systemic involvement, 21 patients had predominantly haemotoxic symptoms, 17 had neurotoxic symptoms, 13 patients had both haemotoxicity and neurotoxicity, and 37 patients had cellulitis.
The predominant pattern of envenomation includes cellulitis in 48%, haemotoxic 27%, neurotoxic 22%, and both haemo and neurotoxic in 17% of the patients.
The SAIMR has produced two monovalent antivenoms for the haemotoxic boomslang and the saw-scaled viper.
Snakebites are usually categorised according to the primary action of their venom into cytotoxic, haemotoxic and neurotoxic.
AIM OF THE STUDY: Study of clinical manifestation and complications of haemotoxic