Haemophilus influenzae type b


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Related to Haemophilus influenzae type b: Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine

Haemophilus influenzae type b

the most virulent serotype (there are six, categorized a-f, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.

Haemophilus influenzae type b

(hē-mŏf′ə-ləs ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zē′)
n. Abbr. Hib
A rod-shaped, gram-negative bacterium found in the human respiratory tract that causes acute respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, and other diseases, especially meningitis in young children.

Hae·moph·i·lus in·flu·en·zae type B

(hē-mof'i-lŭs in-flū-en'zē tīp)
The most virulent serotype (there are six, A-F, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); bacterial species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.

Haemophilus influenzae type b

Abbreviation: HIB
A species that is an important, vaccine-preventable cause of meningitis. In children, this organism also causes acute epiglottitis, pneumonia, septic arthritis, and cellulitis.

Treatment

A cephalosporin that penetrates into the cerebrospinal fluid, such as cefotaxime or ceftriaxone, should be used.

Prevention

Administer the HIB vaccine three or four doses beginning at 2 months of age. Because the various forms of HIB vaccine are administered on different schedules, it is important to check the package insert for the appropriate information. Booster doses may be required.

See also: Haemophilus
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There will be a number of free health services for children, including immunizations for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio and haemophilus influenzae type B.
Dr Richard Roberts, who leads the immunisation programme across Wales, said the fears raised about MMR had a knock-on effect on confidence in other vaccines; and immunisation rates at age one for illnesses like diphtheria, tetanus, polio, meningitis C and haemophilus influenzae type B fell because of concerns about MMR.
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