Haemophilus influenzae type b


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Related to Haemophilus influenzae type b: Haemophilus influenzae type B vaccine

Haemophilus influenzae type b

the most virulent serotype (there are six, categorized a-f, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.

Haemophilus influenzae type b

(hē-mŏf′ə-ləs ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zē′)
n. Abbr. Hib
A rod-shaped, gram-negative bacterium found in the human respiratory tract that causes acute respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, and other diseases, especially meningitis in young children.

Hae·moph·i·lus in·flu·en·zae type B

(hē-mof'i-lŭs in-flū-en'zē tīp)
The most virulent serotype (there are six, A-F, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); bacterial species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.

Haemophilus influenzae type b

Abbreviation: HIB
A species that is an important, vaccine-preventable cause of meningitis. In children, this organism also causes acute epiglottitis, pneumonia, septic arthritis, and cellulitis.

Treatment

A cephalosporin that penetrates into the cerebrospinal fluid, such as cefotaxime or ceftriaxone, should be used.

Prevention

Administer the HIB vaccine three or four doses beginning at 2 months of age. Because the various forms of HIB vaccine are administered on different schedules, it is important to check the package insert for the appropriate information. Booster doses may be required.

See also: Haemophilus
References in periodicals archive ?
Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections - Products under Development by Companies 16
Reis et al., "Haemophilus influenzae meningitis 5 years after introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in Brazil," Vaccine, vol.
Safety and immunogenicity of an indigenously developed Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine through various phases of clinical trials.
Invasive serotype a Haemophilus influenzae infections with a virulence genotype resembling Haemophilus influenzae type b: emerging pathogen in the vaccine era?
Dose response of CRM197 and tetanus toxoid-conjugated Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines, Vaccine 2004; 23: 802-806.
DPT has been combined with a hepatitis B vaccine, an injectable polio vaccine, and a vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae type B, which causes meningitis, says Francis E.
Without protection provided by the Hib conjugates (Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines), your child could suffer from serious illnesses that could have been prevented.
Contract award notice: Vaccine p / diphtheria, Tetanus and pertussis (acellular, Complex), Poliomyelitis (inactivated) and haemophilus influenzae type b compatible with the vaccine infanrixipv + hib (...) part 1-3.zzp-79/19 (poland-warsaw: Vaccines)
Global Markets Direct's, 'Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections's therapeutic pipeline.
[USPRwire, Wed Aug 05 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Infections - Pipeline Review, H1 2015', provides an overview of the Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Infections's therapeutic pipeline.
With support from the GAVI Alliance, notable progress has been made in preventing pneumonia deaths and hospitalizations resulting from Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections (2,3).
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