Haemophilus influenzae type b


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Haemophilus influenzae type b

the most virulent serotype (there are six, categorized a-f, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

Haemophilus influenzae type b

(hē-mŏf′ə-ləs ĭn′flo͞o-ĕn′zē′)
n. Abbr. Hib
A rod-shaped, gram-negative bacterium found in the human respiratory tract that causes acute respiratory infections, such as pneumonia, and other diseases, especially meningitis in young children.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Hae·moph·i·lus in·flu·en·zae type B

(hē-mof'i-lŭs in-flū-en'zē tīp)
The most virulent serotype (there are six, A-F, based on antigenic typing of the polysaccharide capsule); bacterial species responsible for meningitis and respiratory infections in young children.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Haemophilus influenzae type b

Abbreviation: HIB
A species that is an important, vaccine-preventable cause of meningitis. In children, this organism also causes acute epiglottitis, pneumonia, septic arthritis, and cellulitis.

Treatment

A cephalosporin that penetrates into the cerebrospinal fluid, such as cefotaxime or ceftriaxone, should be used.

Prevention

Administer the HIB vaccine three or four doses beginning at 2 months of age. Because the various forms of HIB vaccine are administered on different schedules, it is important to check the package insert for the appropriate information. Booster doses may be required.

See also: Haemophilus
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections - Products under Development by Companies 16
Reis et al., "Haemophilus influenzae meningitis 5 years after introduction of the Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine in Brazil," Vaccine, vol.
Safety and immunogenicity of an indigenously developed Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine through various phases of clinical trials.
Dose response of CRM197 and tetanus toxoid-conjugated Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccines, Vaccine 2004; 23: 802-806.
DPT has been combined with a hepatitis B vaccine, an injectable polio vaccine, and a vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae type B, which causes meningitis, says Francis E.
Without protection provided by the Hib conjugates (Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines), your child could suffer from serious illnesses that could have been prevented.
Global Markets Direct's, 'Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections - Pipeline Review, H2 2015', provides an overview of the Haemophilus influenzae Type B Infections's therapeutic pipeline.
[USPRwire, Wed Aug 05 2015] Global Markets Direct's, 'Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Infections - Pipeline Review, H1 2015', provides an overview of the Haemophilus Influenzae Type b Infections's therapeutic pipeline.
With support from the GAVI Alliance, notable progress has been made in preventing pneumonia deaths and hospitalizations resulting from Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) infections (2,3).
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