HTLV-I and HTLV-II
can be transmitted sexually (1) and via breast feeding.
foci have been previously described among several native Amerindian groups in South America and Colombia.
Because lab tests cannot easily distinguish between HTLV-I and HTLV-II
, experts believe many cases of HTLV-II
are eliminated from the blood supply as well.
Tanto la infeccion por el HTLV-I como por el HTLV-II
es endemica en varias areas geograficas del mundo, incluyendo el suroeste de Japon (10,11) y la cuenca del Caribe (12,13); en America del Sur en regiones como Chile (14), Brasil (15) y Colombia (16,17) entre otras.
The antibody-positive samples were obtained from five persons infected with HTLV-I and II infected with HTLV-II
The identification of HTLV-II
in drug abusers in this country raises the possibiliby that it might cause disease.
A high rate of HTLV-II
seropositives has been observed among intravenous drug abusers3.
has also been associated with HTLV-associated myelopathy, but not with leukemia (5).
During December 1989--March 1990, Guaymi households were randomly selected and contacted for a cross-sectional study to determine risk factors for HTLV-II
The purpose of the clinical trial is to qualify both investigational devices for the detection and confirmation of antibodies to HTLV-I and HTLV-II
viruses in blood.
The role of HTLV-II
infection as a cause of disease is still controversial.
No cross-reactivity was observed between RAV-0 p27 gag protein and antibodies against HIV-1, HIV-2, HTLV-I, and HTLV-II
(data not shown).