HTLV-I


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Related to HTLV-I: Human T-lymphotropic virus

HTLV-I

Abbreviation for human T-cell lymphotrophic virus type I; human lymphotropic virus, type 1.

HTLV-I

(āch′tē-ĕl′vē-wŭn′)
n.
A retrovirus associated with adult leukemia and lymphoma and with certain demyelinating diseases.

HTLV-I

Virology A retrovirus that immortalizes T cells; it is associated with
1. Adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia in endemic regions of southern Japan–where up to 40% of leukemic Pts are HTLV-I-positive, and the Caribbean.
2. Chronic progressive myelopathy–tropical spastic paralysis, a condition endemic to the Caribbean, tropical Africa, and South America and.
3. HTLV-I-associated neuropathy; HTLV-I, like HIV-1, is blood-borne Carrier prevalence–US, Europe up to 0.10%; 1% of HTLV-I-infected subjects develop clinical disease, which may reflect host susceptibility and variant viral strains.

HTLV-I

Human T lymphotropic virus, type I, a virus associated with adult T cell LEUKAEMIA or T cell lymphomas and other conditions, such as tropical spastic paraparesis and POLYMYOSITIS. See also HTLV-III.
References in periodicals archive ?
Scientists are currently uncertain of the lifelong risk for TSP among HTLV-I infected individuals, although the latency period between HTLV-I infection and manifestation of disease symptoms is considerably shorter for TSP than for ATL.
Human T Lymphotropic Virus-I (HTLV-I), the Causative Agent of Acute T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma, Is Absent among Blood Donors in Aseer Region, Saudi Arabia.
Como parte de la vigilancia epidemiologica de la infeccion por el HTLV-I en la poblacion cubana, se establecieron sitios centinela para realizar el tamizaje sistematico de los pacientes con enfermedades probablemente relacionadas con esa infeccion.
Del total de la muestra, 18 casos fueron positivos para anticuerpos contra HTLV-I que incluyen 4 (5.1%) hombres con edades entre 17 y 57 anos (3.8% de seropositividad en hombres) y 14 mujeres con edades entre 17 y 72 anos (5.6% de seropositividad en mujeres).
demostraron una restriccion etnica y geografica de las infecciones por los virus HTLV-I y HTLV-II en los amerindios y que esta restriccion estaba asociada con los haplotipos HLA-DR y HLA-DQ (Fujiyoshi, T.
Because of the clinical importance of HTLV-I, the high prevalence of HTLV-II in high-risk behavior groups (1 ), and the need for precise medical diagnosis of HTLV-infection status for patient counseling, laboratories need licensed WB assays that are more sensitive and specific to detect HTLV-II antibody and to discriminate between HTLV-I and HTLV-II infections.
En el presente trabajo se efectuo un estudio poblacional para determinar la seroprevalencia de la infeccion por HTLV-I y II en poblaciones del departamento de Cordoba.
High prevalence of HTLV-I infection in Mashhad, Northeast Iran: A population-based seroepidemiology survey.